Would you wear your food?

I was doing my usual web browsing and I came upon this interesting fabric made from food resources. – Milk.


This strange and amazing textile innovation is the fusion of Biology and Fashion design.
‘Qmilk’ – The bio milk fabric is made form sour/spoiled milk which is unsafe for human consumption and would normally be thrown away.

What a waste right?
So the Biologist/Textile artist, Anke Domaske, came out with a solution to recycle the spoiled milk into milk-based fabrics.

This zero-waste fabric requires no harmful chemicals to make, and uses less water in the production process than other milk-based fabrics. – Webecoist

The process was done so by extracting the proteins, found in the spoiled milk, and eliminating the liquids within thus forming ‘Milk’ threads that can be use for fabric.
Adding on, the fabric feels like silk and does not harm the environment in the production process as compared to producing silk.


Read more:

Once trash, now treasure

Hey there!
It’s week 5 into the semester, how is everyone doing? 🙂
Today I will be sharing some of my findings while I was browsing the internet.

“…the amount of solid waste generated in 2015 increased to 7.67 million tonnes, up by 159,000 tonnes from 7.51 million tonnes in 2014.” – NEA Gov.

“In Singapore, the amount of waste disposed has increased about six-fold over the past 43 years, from 0.5 million tonnes in 1970 to 3 million tonnes in 2013. Each person disposed about 0.87 kg of domestic waste per day in 2013.” – ZerowasteSG.

The amount of domestic waste each person disposed increases each year.
These domestic waste includes scrap materials such as Glass, Tyres, Plastics, Textile and Fabrics etc.
The process to break down these domestic waste brings serious environmental impacts such as air, water and land pollution. Which is harmful for the living and our environment.

Throwing away things waste precious resources.
Hence, to help save the environment, we can do our part by reusing some of the domestic waste.
This will be discuss further in the section below.

Recycle the Old

Link: https://www.fastcoexist.com/3048694/these-infinitely-recyclable-clothes-are-made-from-ocean-trash-and-other-plastic-waste

How did Pro Surfer Kelly Slater managed to convert the disposed fish net into usable outer wear?
Well, that is the company secret and I doubt I can find his remedy anywhere in the web.
But, just to share with you the possibility to turn ‘Trash’ into ‘Treasure’.






Besides the application of fish nets on clothing, Nylon yarns can also be made from it!

Reducing Waste

We were introduced with the plastic fusing technique demonstrated by Prof Galina during Week3.
In addition our senior, Year 4 PD, showed her Handbag design made using the plastic fusing technique. These incredible product promotes the idea of sustainability and is an effort to save our environment.

I was doing a read-up on the internet and I discovered something special.

Link: http://www.citylab.com/design/2016/06/how-cairos-trash-problem-becomes-beautiful-fabric/487517/

As plastic bags are expensive to recycle, Hazem and Riad thought of a inexpensive way to recycle plastic bags – Sterilise and cut them into long strips.

Eugene003        Eugene004

Thats all for now, will share more in the future!
Let’s so sustainable!



Interesting ‘textiles’ from orchids

As a plant collector myself, I thought about sharing some really interesting surfaces of living plants from the plants that I’ve tried growing myself!

I’m not sure if this is applicable to surface design per say as we can’t preserve or harness these textures, but its no doubt good points for inspirations!

Living Velvet

repot-ludisia-12834158240103192490XiTnXY_fs (1) IMG_4741

Introducing Ludisia Discolor! a type of Jewel orchid grown specially for its folliage. Interestingly its an orchid that grows in soil! What really makes this unique is the way its leaves are textured, when bent against the light, it exhibits a very velvet-like texture. These plants can be bought from most orchid nurseries in Singapore and they are really cheap! whats cool about these textures is that they turn a bright red under sunlight and retreat to a deep green when in shade. These are generally easy to grow plants as well!

Orchid Fur

Contrary to popular belief, orchids do grow fur too! introducing Dendrobium Senile, Senile meaning old, it resembles that of a really old person, with white hairs throughout its body!

5055dbbb3f52 Den senile 2012 05 Den.senile3.15.09

These are specially grown for its fur-like growth and unfortunately for us, these plants require a cold drop in night temperatures to flower which Singapore sadly does not have. The dried bulbs of these plants could be used for some sort of surface material?

Living Metal

e0206818_2130866 121c70990183d15f7ed069251108fe9d

Similarly to Ludisia Discolor, Malaxis Metallica which is yet another jewel orchid showcases a very metallic appearance of its leaves. Under lighting, they glow in a high definition gloss that plant collectors go for! Perhaps the purplish tinge could be used as a dye as well? unfortunately these plants are valuable that one should think twice before extracting their pigments.

Some interesting leather alternatives from my FYP!

Oh I figured out I could post directly to the class’s site!

I would like to share with everyone basically some findings I had during my research process for my FYP. As my FYP simply revolves around a cooling case to induce flowering for plants, I had to seek insulative materials apart from styrofoam or acrylics. Fortunately I found some pretty cool alternatives here:

Mushroom Leather


Leather created from mushrooms! These are created from the caps of mushrooms, and intertwined with pieces of linen and hemp fibres before treatment with tanning chemicals.
link>> http://www.ecouterre.com/muskin-a-vegan-leather-made-entirely-from-mushrooms/

Prof Galina did mention this for me before and its no doubt something cool to consider! there’s also a derivative of mushroom styrofoam as well that are laced with the mycellium needed to grow more mushrooms!

Pineapple Leather


Leather created from pineapple leaves. These could very well be shaped into pockets or holders that can keep the coldness in.

The fibres for the leather are extracted from pineapple leaves through a process called decortication and are hung up to dry. These fibres are then processed in an advanced textile machinery process.


link>> http://www.ananas-anam.com/pinatex/

link>> https://www.fastcoexist.com/3059190/this-gorgeous-sustainable-leather-is-made-from-pineapple-waste


Cool fact:

Pineapples are actually related to air plants, they are both within the brommeliad family and if you look closely at the pineapple and air plant leaves, they are starkingly similar with a outer silverish covering that turns green when you scrape it.

Flora Felt (made from recycled plastic bottles)


Simply put, these are felt fabrics woven from plastic water bottles, it is an array of inter meshed plastic fibers.

What you see above is a product named Woolly pockets made from these plastic felt materials and one really good thing about them is that they are waterproof and do not break or tear apart easily which makes it really good for holding soil in position. Unfortunately, based on my own experiences working for a plant company, salt deposits from the soil composition would accumulate at the base of these fabrics, resulting in a very unsightly textures.

Was tending to this greenwall at the Taxi association of Singapore and that project was no doubt a failure as the plants were not only doing badly due to the poor lighting, the felt were all crusted with salt.

This material was one of the options I suggested to my superior at Gardens by the Bay for a vertical wall system to be set up within the Flower Dome.


Surface Design Syllabus



Intro to course
Practical Session 1: Transfer Printing : Demo
Transfer Printing on fabrics by :

  • Drawing using crayons
  • Painting using disperse dyes
    • Direct Method
    • Indirect Method

Transfer Printing on materials by digital print on:

  • Fabrics
  • Wood
Compile notes & images for Transfer Printing


Practical Session 1: Transfer Printing
Students Explorations
Compile notes & images for Transfer Printing


Practical Session 2: Materials Exploration
Hands-on session on explorations: Unconventional Materials

  • Fabric of Thread
  • Fusing of Plastic sheets
Compile notes & images for materials explorations


Practical Session 3: Materials Exploration
Hands-on session on explorations: Unconventional Materials

  • Felting
  • Applique
Compile notes & images for materials explorations


Practical Session 4: Materials Exploration
Etching of surfaces using Fiber Etch chemical

  • Fabrics
  • Paper
  • Etching on wood using the laser cutter
Compile notes & images for materials explorations


Practical Session 5: Materials Exploration
Printing with special inks:

  • Thermo-active inks
  • Discharge inks
Compile notes & images for materials explorations


Practical Session 6: Materials Exploration
Knitting :

  • yarns
  • metal wires
  • fishing wire
Compile notes & images for materials explorations
4 to 8 MAR (Recess)




Practical Session 7: Materials Exploration
Stitching with Elastic Thread on:

  • Paper
  • Fabric
  • leather


Compile notes & images for workshop


Practical Session 5: Materials Exploration
Hands-on session on explorations: Thermoplastics

  • 3D fabrics
  • Vacuum Forming
Compile notes & images for workshop