Pets have been humans’ good companions for many thousands of years, with both parties offering a wide range of advantages and disadvantages for each other. While pets have brought to us much joy, love and precious companionship, we humans have to look after them emotionally and physically as well.
Nonetheless over time, owners tend to usually understand their pets as well as their individual, specific, and unique needs. They will come to realise what kind of a pet their animal companions are and the character they hold. Gradually over time, pet owners will find out and understand the behaviour and emotional states of their pets, and can read, analyse and understand their bodily expressions.
Dietary and Medical Attention
Different pets require different medical and dietary attention. A dog require a diet of mainly meat probably twice or three times a day, but a hamster may thrive on oats and vegetables and you can just essentially refill their food bowls as long as they become empty. Pet owners hence look after their pets differently according to their natural characteristics and requirements. Looking after pets is not universal – owners have to tailor feeding habits accordingly.
Additionally, pet feed can be expensive in the long run, so this can actually be taxing on people who have difficulties coping with the expenses of obtaining the appropriate pet food. Compounding this issue is when our pets require a specific or special kind of food for various reasons. A dog may have skin issues, so they can only consume certain kinds of meat products, for instance, feed that largely makes up of lamb or fish meat.
Similarly, the medical attention that a pet goldfish or a pet dog, is not universal. Vets may specialise in looking at certain kinds of animals such as only of dogs and cats, while others may focus on other breeds of pets or animals. Finding quality medical attention for some pets can hence also be difficult, and can also be expensive, especially if one’s pet is not the typical pet that people usually keep such as cats and dogs! Lets not forget that our dogs and cats also required yearly vaccinations and ideally, yearly health checkups to ensure that they are in tip top physical conditions.
Social Contact and Psychological Needs
Just like human beings, our pets such as dogs thrive under human or other animal companionship. They benefit from social interaction with their human owners or other similar others, and wants and needs relationships. If ideal or appropriate owners may sometimes be encouraged to get another pet, so that their pets will have an animal companion at home if owners are out at work the whole day thereby unable to spend time with their pets.
Cats need human companionship as well although they are not as sociable as dogs. Horses also do not benefit from living alone and going through a life of solitude in the green pasture. Mischief of mice can also be seen, such as how zebras are in zeals.
Additionally, owners need to look after the emotional needs of their pet. For instance if your pet is afraid of lightning, you should work towards both offering a sense of safety and security during thunderstorms while also helping your pets to curb such a fear. If your pet does not thrive under social interaction, resist the temptation to get a new pet just because you want to or when the initial excitement of owning your original pet dies off. This can make them jealous and possessive, and you do not really want them to get into fights. Do not ignore your pet as well, because your pet needs you emotionally and psychologically. Pet ownership is a permanent relationship. Your pet will want to be with you for as long as he lives.
Exercise and Play
As responsible owners, we need to look after our pets’ exercise (or at least movement) needs. This pertains to offering ample space to run and play about at home, and even bringing them out for walks if you have a pet dog (some owners bring their pet cats for walk as well!).
Owners may purchase play or exercise toys to stimulate their pets’ physical activity, which, with the aid of these toys, encourages exercise and makes moving around more fun and enjoyable. Additionally, pets can be brought to do different “recreational” activities, such as going for a swim or running and completing an entire obstacle course!
Other animals also include the rabbits, of which owners sometimes are also encouraged to release their rabbits from their cages for a short roam around in the house or yard. If you have a horse, you also need to ensure that it is getting the amount of galloping it needs to remain healthy and fit. If you have a bird, you need to provide sufficient space for them to fly about and hence spread their wings sufficiently to keep intact their natural, flying ability. Of course regardless of the type or size of pets, owners have to make sure the environments for pet exercise, play and movement are safe and carefully designed.
Cognitive and other stimulations
Pets can also benefit from cognitive stimulation. One that does not receive sufficient cognitive stimulation but is often bored can develop behavioural issues such as chewing the furniture because they have simply nothing to do.
If you have a dog, you can send your dog for obedience training or even teach them some tricks through the process of offering rewards (operant conditioning). Otherwise, you can put your pet dogs on a hunt to retrieve an object, tapping into its sense of smell. Alternatively, releasing your rabbit for a roam around the house can also be stimulating as well, as they learn about the bigger environment and come into contact with more objects other than that of what is available in their cages. If you have a monkey, you can teach or train them how to obtain food in a different way, such as through the use of sticks to retrieve fruits from a container without a large-enough opening to put their hands into. Of course, hopefully you do not have a monkey because that is illegal, but you get the idea.