Click to link to WIPO IP filing statistics infographics
The WIPO press release of March 13, 2014 (R/2014/755) stated that “The United States of America and China drove record-level patent-filing activity via WIPO in 2013 as the number of annual international patent applications surpassed the 200,000 mark for the first time. International trademark and industrial design filings also achieved new record-breaking levels.”
The 3 minute video by General WIPO Director General Francis Gurry provides a comprehensive summary of the highlights of 2013 statistics including the interesting note that China has surpassed Germany in number of filings for the first time. The top ten countries for PCT filings is listed in order: USA 57,239 Japan 43,918 China 21,516 Germany 17,927 Republic of Korea 12,386 France 7,899 UK 4,865 Switzerland 4,367 Netherlands 4,198 Sweden 3,960. Other interesting notes from the press release: “Panasonic Corporation of Japan – with 2,881 published PCT applications – overtook ZTE Corporation of China (2,309) as the top applicant in 2013.” and “The total number of PCT applications filed by 13 car manufactures has increased sharply from 2,322 in 2010 to 4,275 in 2013, possibly reflecting fast-growing investments in R&D in this industry.”
Infographic above is taken from WIPO statistics available at: http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/ipstats/en/docs/infographics_systems_2013.pdf
EOS, Krailling, Germany, collaborated with Airbus Group Innovations (previously EADS Innovation Works), of Filton, Bristol, to complete an environmental lifecycle comparison of two key production technologies, rapid investment casting and direct metal laser sintering (DMLS).
The Airbus Group Innovations-EOS eco-assessment, applied to an Airbus A320 nacelle hinge bracket (a highly standardized part), strove to include detailed aspects of the overall lifecycle: from the supplier of the raw powder metal, to the equipment manufacturer (EOS), and to the end-user (Airbus Group Innovations). Adapted from Airbus’ streamlined lifecycle assessment (SLCA) and ISO 14040 series requirements data, the testing will serve as the basis for continued "Cradle-to-Cradle" study into other aerospace parts, processes and end-of-life strategies. [As taken from asminternational.org]
Implants are commonly made from metals such as titanium alloys. These materials are being made porous during processing used to prepare them for medical use. Whereas this is important to ensure good contact between the implant and the bone, this also allows dangerous bacteria to adhere and grow both on the surface as well as inside leading to increased risk of infection.
"Our work has focused on developing an analysis of surface treatments for commercial implants which reduces risk of infection," said Professor Michael Gasik at Aalto University, Finland. "What we wanted to do is find a way to avoid the formation of any undesirable products during the processing of the implant. At the same time we needed to make sure that the bio-mechanical properties of the implant would remain intact and, even more, become better." [As taken from asminternational.org]
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The remarkable, rubber-like protein that enables dragonflies, grasshoppers, and other insects to flap their wings, jump, and chirp has major potential uses in medicine, scientists conclude in an article in the journal ACS Macro Letters. It evaluates the latest advances toward using a protein called resilin in nanosprings, biorubbers, biosensors, and other applications.
Kristi Kiick and colleagues explain that scientists discovered resilin a half-century ago in the wing hinges of locusts and elastic tendons of dragonflies. The extraordinary natural protein tops the best synthetic rubbers. Resilin can stretch to three times its original length, for instance, and then spring back to its initial shape without losing its elasticity, despite repeated stretching and relaxing cycles. That’s a crucial trait for insects that must flap or jump millions of times over their lifetimes. Scientists first synthesized resilin in 2005 and have been striving to harness its properties in medicine.
Kiick’s team describes how their own research and experiments by other scientists are making major strides toward practical applications of resilin. Scientists have modified resilin with gold nanoparticles for possible use in diagnostics, engineered mosquito-based resin to act like human cartilage and developed a hybrid material for cardiovascular applications. “This increasing amount of knowledge gained from studies on natural resilin and resilin-like polypeptides continues to inspire new designs and applications of recombinant resilin-based biopolymers in biomedical and biotechnological applications,” the scientists state.
The authors acknowledge funding from the National Center for Research Resources, a component of the National Institutes of Health, and the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.
Image — A 1.6 inch (4 cm) large Yellow-winged Darter (Sympetrum flaveolum) from the side. Courtesy of André Karwath/Wikimedia Commons. [As taken from asminternational.org]
Bridges are a main component of the transportation infrastructure as we know it today. There are no less than 575,000 highway bridges nationwide, and more than $5 billion are allocated yearly from the federal budget for bridge repairs. Over the past couple of decades, increasing seismic activity around the world has been identified as an impending threat to the strength and well-being of our bridges. Earthquakes have caused bridge collapses in the U.S., Japan, Taiwan, China, Chile, Turkey, and elsewhere. Ways to minimize seismic effects on bridges are needed, both by improving existing bridges and refining specifications and construction materials for future bridges. [As taken from asminternational.org]
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