In order to raise global awareness on how light-based technologies promote sustainable development and its impact on energy, education, agriculture and health sectors, United Nations has declared 2015 as the International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies (IYL 2015). As the year comes to a close, let us take a look at some featured journal articles on light based technologies. These articles are published by Taylor & Francis and can be accessed from the library subscribed e-journals.
(i) Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display – Journal of Information Display, Vol 15 (2), 2014
The article presents the technology behind the fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display (FFS-LCD), its development, technical issues and future advances. The FFS-LCD which was first reported to the public in 1998 has become a major component now for high resolution, high-image quality, low power consumption, and touch screen suitability
(ii) Integrated and topological liquid crystal photonics – Liquid Crystals, Vol 41 (3), 2014
In this article the author presents his views on nematic colloids, applications of these materials in future photonic microdevices and future challenges towards the realisation of integrated liquid crystal microphotonics. He concludes the article with the suggestion that that we could use the fascinating topological variety and flexibility of LCs indicates that they can be used for engineering of novel microphotonic devices based exclusively on soft matter. Continue reading
Green biorenewable biocomposites : from knowledge to industrial applications
[Click here to access the E-Book]
There has been a rapid rise of interest and importance in sustainable materials and green chemistry, with many books dedicated to biomaterials and biocomposites. However, there are a vast number of biomaterials. These books often differ in their selection of materials to discuss, and the material may be presented from engineering or a chemistry perspective. This volume, edited by Thakur and Kessler (both, Washington State Univ.), includes some of the same biomaterials, such as cellulose and nanocellulose, as in similarly titled books, but it also includes hydroxyapatite and spider silk. It largely focuses on composites prepared for specific applications, with several chapters describing biocomposites for sound absorption and others for use in the body, but biocomposite processing and properties are extensively discussed throughout much of the book. Although chemists can understand some chapters and engineers can understand others, readers should have a good background in polymer science to take full advantage of this book.
Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students, researchers/faculty, and professionals /practitioners. –P. G. Heiden, Michigan Technological University
Copyright 2015 American Library Association [As taken from CHOICE reviews online]
There is a new journal: “Wireless Sensor Network” published by Scientific Research Publishing Inc. It started in April 2009 (volume 1, issue 1), all articles in the journals are currently freely available for access.
The journal aims to provide the latest development of wireless sensor network and applications. Some topics of interest are:
- Authentication and security issues
- Location and Time services
- Information processing
- QoS issues and testbeds for integrated networks
- Network and transport layer protocols for cross networks
You can access it via Library web page at: http://www.ntu.edu.sg/lib/collections/ej/free.htm
||Design-driven innovation : changing the rules of competition by radically innovating what things mean
Countering conventional user-centered theories of innovation, Verganti (management and design, Politecnio di Milano, Italy) presents the need for and processes of design-driven innovation for creating products “that customers do not expect but that they will eventually love.” Apple Computer’s iPod vision is cited as one that involved redefining the meaning as well as the technologies of listening to music. The book includes a table of companies, industries, and markets discussed in the book, and comments on this strategy’s implications for education and design policies. [As provided by Syndetics]
Robert Verganti qualifies what this book is NOT about early on in the book when he states in his “Letter to the Reader” that “This is not a book on design … not about creativity or about scrutinizing users. This is a book on management.” From the onset he focuses on the manager as the ‘business person’ who infuses the organization culture with his own as he leads and manages innovation. He explains design-driven innovation strategy, with examples from Alessi to the Xerox, in Part 1 and he goes on in the second part to discuss the way innovative design discourse works. His observation is that most successful companies drive innovation not by focusing on users. Instead he examines among other means, their integrated design discourse culture and their use of ‘interpreters’. The last part on the book briefly suggests transferable aspects of the ‘design-driven innovation method’. Earlier sections of this book intrigue as Verganti analyses innovation leaders like Apple who “don’t listen to the market but instead create new markets.” Later concepts about inclusive design communities are familiar albeit bearing different labels and marketing contexts. While the methods do not sound complex, the approaches are broad implying long term adoption and acceptance.
With the use of smart phones, mobile internet and email are accessible through the mobile device. Checking email remotely become a trend or a stress, depends on who give you the smart phone: company or personal use.
The article studied the technology symptom that was coined as “mobile email addiction”. It discovered and explained the effect of the addict symptom. It further provided the potential issues which can cause the company liability for the addiction claims.
[Source: “Is Mobile Email Addiction Overlooked? Studying the prevalence of mobile email addiction and the associated possible implications for organizations” by Ofir Turel and Alexander Serenko. Communications of the ACM, May 2010, Vol 53, No. 5, pp 41-43.]