The word “biology” (which is the study of life) was first used by Jean Baptiste Lamarck and Gottfried Treviranus in the early nineteeth century, but the study of living things began long before that.
Any attempt to define Biological Sciences will certainly lead to the question about its differences from Life Sciences, or are they the same? Tham provided a clear explanation on this and it is reproduced below:
How do we define the life sciences? Is there any difference from biology, that is the study of life?
Biology is perceived as the base for the new life sciences. There are many sub-disciplines in biology. These include taxonomy, systematics, anatomy, ecology, physiology, cellular biology, biochemistry, and molecular biology of living organisms. The new life sciences focus on biology, in particular, at the cellular, biochemical and molecular levels. There is a distinctly strong emphasis on biotechnology and cross-disciplinary applications of science.
There are many definitions of the life sciences and it has invariously been implied to be synonymous with molecular biology, genetic engineering, biotechnology and recombinant technology.
Common key words or ideas emphasised among the many definitions are:
- The use of living organisms (microbes, animals, plants) or parts of living systems (e.g. cells, enzymes, proteins, nucleic acids),
- In a very wide range of medical, agricultural and industrial technologies,
- To provide new products and services, and
- That involve interdisciplinary endeavour – namely, science, computing, engineering, commerce.
In Singapore, a country that emphasises a knowledge-based economy, the new life sciences is regarded by some, rightly or wrongly, to be distinct from biology. Life science is seen as a science that capitalizes on intellect and technology to generate financial returns. As talent and information technology are two areas in which Singapore is building up a strong base to service the economy, the life sciences appear to fit right in.
Thus the life sciences is perceived as the integration of a cluster of scientific and technological disciplines dealing with living organisms and life processes to provide products and services for humanity.
Characteristics of Biological Literature
According to Schmidt, about 95% of the cited literature in the sciences is published in serials, and biological literature has the following characteristics:
- International in scope
- Dependent on serial publications for dissemination
- Interdisciplinary and overlapping
- Complex in origin, with the primary periodical as the most important source of new information.
Major publishers are Elsevier, Springer, Taylor and Francis, Wiley-Blackwell and Oxford University Press.
Organizations such as professional societies and institutions are also important publishers in Biological Sciences. Here is a short list:
- Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press CSHL Press publishes monographs, technical manuals, handbooks, review volumes, conference proceedings, scholarly journals and videotapes in the subjects of molecular biology, genetics, development, virology, neurobiology, immunology and cancer biology. Revenue from sales of CSHL Press publications is used solely in support of research at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
- American Institute of Biological Sciences AIBS is committed to publishing about biology, both within the profession and to students, educators, and the larger public. It publishes the citation-listed magazine and journal BioScience 11 times per year and continually expands the free, online, educational resource ActionBioscience.org.
- Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) FASEB provides information to scientific organizations as well as the general public to inform so that more people remain informed about the issues and policies affecting the advancement of biological and biomedical sciences. Other than publishing The FASEB Journal, it also helps non-profit organizations publish theirs.
- Society of Biology Based in UK, the Society of Biology serves to advise Government and influence policy; advance education and professional development; support members, and engage and encourage public interest in the life sciences
Life Sciences in Singapore
Any discussion about life sciences in Singapore will not be complete without looking at the role of the Singapore government, which on 25 June 2000 announced the National Biomedical Science Strategy, which would cost an estimate of S$2 billion. To encourage synergy among the various life sciences institutions and companies, the new Biopolis was also developed to provide office space, labs and sharing of resources. Below is a selection of articles related to the development of the life sciences in Singapore. Questions often asked about the life sciences industry include ethical laxity, return of investment and its sustainability.
Background: the life sciences industry in Singapore
- Salma, K. (25 Jun 2000). $1b push for life sciences.Straits Times.
- Normile, D. (2002). Can Money Turn Singapore Into a Biotech Juggernaut? Science, 297(5586), 1470-1473.
- Singapore The Biopolis of Asia. (2005). [Article]. Asia Pacific Biotech News, 9(24), 1320-1326.
- Yeoh, K.-C. (2008). Singapore’s biomedical sciences landscape. [Article]. Journal of Commercial Biotechnology, 14(2), 141-148.
- Mirasol, F. (2007). Singapore creates Asian Biopolis. [Article]. ICIS Chemical Business, 272(12), 24.
Ethical issues – Singapore’s context
- Peters, Ted. (2007). Is it the Lure of Ethical Laxity that Woos Stem Cell Scientists to Singapore?,Theology and Science, 5(2), 119-123.
- Cao, C. (2007). Making Singapore a Research Hub Science, 316, 1423-1424.
- Why Malaysia’s BioValley may be Favored over Singapore’s Biopolis. (2003). [Article]. Asia Pacific Biotech News, 7(16), 1013-1013.
- Laird-Portch, G. (2007). Special Feature. [Article]. Asia Pacific Biotech News, 11(14), 962-981.
Return on investment?
- Normile, D. (2007). An Asian Tiger’s Bold Experiment. [Article]. Science , 316(5821), 38-41.
- Young, E. (2003). Little dynamo heads off for biotech big time. [Article]. New Scientist, 179(2413), 50-53.
- Chang, A.-L. (9 Oct 2010). It’s crunch time. Straits Times.
- Chang, A.-L. (13 Aug 2011). Star biomed couple leaving Singapore. Straits Times.
- Chang, A.-L. (26 Aug 2011). Biomedical research star Edison Liu leaving. Straits Times.
- Tham, F.Y., 2002. Introduction to life sciences and basic genomics McGraw-Hill, Singapore.
- Schmidt, D., Davis, E.B., Jacobs, P.F., 2002. Using the biological literature : a practical guide. Marcel Dekker, New York.
This resource guide is organized according to books, e-books, reference works, e-journals and methods & protocols. In addition, some web resources are also provided. This bibliography is useful for students interested to find out more about Microbiology.read more
This resource guide is organized according to books, e-books, reference works, e-journals and methods & protocols. In addition, some web resources are also provided. This bibliography is useful for students interested to find out more about Molecular and Cellular...read more
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Books provide detailed information and clear explanation about a particular topic. They also help the reader to understand the topic better by summarising previous knowledge about the topic. There are two ways in which you can look for relevant books:
- BROWSE the book collection (which is arranged in systematic classified order)
- SEARCH the catalogue
Browsing the collection
The main Biological Sciences book collection is located at Level 4 of Lee Wee Nam Library. The major areas of Biological Sciences and their range of call numbers are shown below. Note that other relevant Biological Sciences books can be classified in other locations.
|Pharmacy and materia medica||RS1-441|
LC Classification for Biological Sciences
Searching for books
You can search the Library Catalogue to generate a list of books on a specific subject in Biological Sciences. Just input the appropriate subject headings in the subject field. Refer to these catalogue tips to help you improve your search results. A list of books on specific Biological Sciences topics has been compiled below:
The library does not have a particular book? Recommend it to us.
Staff and students can recommend book titles to the library for acquisition.
- Staff can recommend through Staff Link as follows: Resource Request — Library Services — Book Recommendation
- Students can send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with the following details:
- Place of publication
- Publisher or producer
- Date of publication
For more details, please refer to New Title Recommendation.
Here you can define the content that will be placed within the current tab.
An e-book is an electronic version of a printed book which can be read on a personal computer or hand-held device designed specifically for this purpose.
Browsing by E-book Providers
The major providers of e-books in the field of Biological Sciences are listed below. To access, click on the titles and login with your NTU network username and password.
- Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS)
ELS is a comprehensive reference source in the field of biological sciences containing over 3000 articles. Core subjects covered include biochemistry, cell biology, clinical medicine, developmental biology, diversity of life, ecology, evolution, genetics, immunology, microbiology, molecular biology, neuroscience, plant science, structural biology and virology. View its Database Information Page.
Browse subjects: Biomedical Science, Life Science and Medicine. View its Database Information Page.
- Elsevier Reference Works and Book Series
Access is through the database platform ScienceDirect Online. Full text availability is indicated by green key symbol. View its Database Information Page.
Browse subjects: Biochemistry, Biology & Biotechnology. View its Database Information Page.
Provides access to the full text of reference, scholarly, and professional electronic books. View itsDatabase Information Page.
- Wiley Online Library
The library has subscription to e-books in the Biological Sciences collection. View its Database Information Page.
Searching for E-books
Another way to search for and access individual e-books titles is to use the Library catalogue. For instructions on how to search for e-books, please refer to the step-by-step instruction guide.
Reference books are the special types of books to look for when one needs concise information at a glance. They are usually not read from cover to cover. The examples are Dictionaries, Handbooks, Encyclopedias, Yearbooks, Abstracts, Almanacs and Biographies.
Reference titles for Biological Sciences can be found using the advanced search function in the library catalogue by specifying the TYPE as REFERENCE.
Some reference titles on Biological Sciences are listed below. Click on the hyperlinked titles to check availability in the Library. Direct access to electronic copies, denoted as [electronic resource], are also available.
Methods and Protocols
Protocol is a laboratory reference book which records all the steps, details and equipment needed in a particular experiment. With our e-protocols series that are available 24/7, you will not have to worry about missing critical steps in your experiments anymore!
Protocols in the library
Free online resources
- Oxford dictionary of biochemistry and molecular biology [electronic resource] and print Cammack, Richard.
- A dictionary of biology [electronic resource] Hine, Robert.
- A dictionary of genetics [electronic resource] King, Robert C.
- A dictionary of science [electronic resource] Daintith, John.
- Dictionary of parasitology [electronic resource] Gosling, Peter J.
- Encyclopedia of life sciences
- Encyclopedia of molecular biology [electronic resource] and print Creighton, Thomas E.
- Encyclopedia of Cancer [electronic resource] Schwab, Manfred.
- Encyclopedia of Neuroscience [electronic resource] Binder, Marc D.
- Encyclopedia of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease [electronic resource] Lang, Florian.
- Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Informatics [electronic resource] Rédei, G. P.
- Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology [electronic resource]: Schizophrenia Lajtha, Abel.
- Cell biology: a laboratory handbook [electronic resource] and print Celis, J. E. (Julio E.)
- Handbook of computational molecular biology [electronic resource] and print Aluru, Srinivas.
- Dendritic Cells [electronic resource] Hofmann, F.
- Oxford handbook of genetics Bradley-Smith, Guy.
- Oxford desk reference: clinical genetics Firth, Helen V.
- Handbook of molecular biophysics: methods and applications Bohr, Henrik G.
Journal articles, conference papers, reviews, standards and news articles subscribed by the library are available here.
PubMed comprises approximately 20 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. PubMed citations and abstracts include the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and preclinical sciences. PubMed also provides access to additional relevant Web sites and links to the other NCBI molecular biology resources. PubMed is a free resource that is developed and maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). View its Database information page.
- China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) – 中国知网
CNKI is a China national knowledge infrastructure that provides comprehensive and current Chinese information on a world-wide scale, including critical academic articles, dissertations, proceedings, papers and books from a variety of publishers, research institutions, and information sources in China.
- WANFANG DATA 万方数据 (for BMS students)
This is the main database for Biomedical students who need to access traditional Chinese medicine journals. WANFANG DATA is a comprehensive information source in China. It consists of about one hundred of databases on a wide range. One of its main components is Digitalized Journal Full-text Database, which provides multi-disciplinary online journals with full-text available from 1997 onward. NTU Library has subscribed to the 4 series: Health/Medicine, Philosophy/Politics/Law, Social Sciences and Economics/Finance. View its Database information page.
- Traditional Chinese Medicine 中医药知识系统（专业版） (for BMS students)
Traditional Chinese Medicine 中医药知识系统（专业版） is a database that provides overview of the basics of TCM and explains illnesses, symptoms, formulations, usage of herbs, composition of formula and etc. View its Database information page.
- ScienceDirect Online
ScienceDirect is a full-text scientific database offering journals, book series, books and reference works. It contains more than 2,500 peer-reviewed journals and more than 11,000 books. View its Database information page.
- SciFinder (Web Version)
SciFinder is a research discovery tool that provides access to a wide diversity of research from many scientific disciplines, including biomedical sciences, chemistry, engineering and materials science. View its Database information page.
- Sciverse Scopus
Scopus is a multidisciplinary database that covers engineering, science, economics and social sciences literature. It also provides access to citation information. Access to the most recent articles and the highly cited articles in Scopus from NTU are also available. View its Database information page.
- Web of Science
Provides access to abstracts and citations are drawn from leading professional science and social sciences journals. The database also offers access to articles’ cited references which include government publications and patents. View its database information page.
- ScienceDirect Online
Dissertations & Theses Databases
- Dissertations & Theses via Proquest
Dissertations & Theses database provides information about doctoral dissertations and master’s theses. Dissertations published from 1980 forward include 350-word abstracts written by the author. Master’s theses published from 1988 forward include 150-word abstracts. (Warning: Due to the size of each document, user is reminded to review his/her search results and select only relevant theses for full-text downloads.)
The thesis you need does not have full-text access? Use the Document Delivery Service provided by the Library to get it!
- DR-NTU (Restricted access)
DR stands for Digital Repository and it comprises student submissions such as dissertations, theses, work attachment reports and final year project reports. NTU staff and students need to login with their NTU network account to access the full text. The full-text collection starts from 1982 but retrospective digitization it is not complete yet.
- Dissertations & Theses via Proquest
Academic journals are the dominant communication medium for disseminating and sharing research findings particularly in science and engineering. Journal articles are available in the following ways:
NTU Library Subscribed E-journals A-to-Z list
Locate the electronic copy in the NTU Library Subscribed E-journals A-to-Z list first. There are four ways to search through the A-to-Z list:
- Browse the index of e-journal providers (if you are familiar with the journal publishers like Wiley, Elsevier and etc.)
- Search for titles subscribed by the library. E-journal title search can be Title Name, Publisher Name, ISSN, Subjects or all of the above
- Browse by subjects
- Browse a list of free e-journals
The search result will present the databases that the journal can be found in and the period covered. Click on the database title to proceed.
Search on a specific subject or topic by using databases relevant to Biological Sciences.
Print journals are located at the level 2 and bound journals (i.e. older issues) are at the level 5 in the Lee Wee Nam Library. For a specific title, locate the call number and location via the library catalogue. Select JOURNAL TITLE from the drop down menu.
Important Note: Articles titles are not searchable in the library catalogue. Journal titles are required.
Top Biological Sciences Journals according to the 2010 Journal Citation Reports Science Edition
Here are different indicators used to rank and compare journals.
- Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports For indicators such as Impact factor, 5-year impact factor, immediacy index, cited half-life, Eigenfactor, Article Influence
- SciVerse Scopus Analytics – Journal Analyzer For indicators such as SJR, SNIP
- SCImago Journal & Country Rank For indicators such as SJR, country rankings
- Eigenfactor.org: Ranking & mapping scientific knowledge For indicators such as Eigenfactor, Article Influence
The bulk of the Library’s audio visual collection is located at level B2 in the Business Library. AV materials are also available at ADM Library and ACRC. The titles are available for loan by staff and postgraduate students. They are available for in-house viewing by undergraduate students. All the titles listed below are located in the Business Library.
Below is a compilation of AV materials which are of interest to Biological Sciences students, they have been categorized into various subjects for ease of selection for viewing. Click on the hyperlinks to check availability in the Library.
- Body atlas [videorecording] / Macpherson, Peter.
Call No: QP34.5.B668A DISC 1,2,3,4,5
- The human body [videorecording] / Winston, Robert M. L.
Call No: QP38.H918 DISC 1,2,3
- Biology, the science of life [videorecording] / Nowicki, Stephen.
Call No: QH307.2.N948 DISCS 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 ; QH307.2.N948 PT.1,2,3,4,5,6
- Discovering the human brain [videorecording]: new pathways to neuroscience / Harrigan, Jim.
Call No: QP385.D611
- How we see and hear [videorecording] / Benington, Joel.
Call No: QP376.H847
- Neuroscience and the brain [videorecording]: implications for counseling and therapy / Ratey, John J.
Call No: QP360.N494
- The nervous system [videorecording] / Suderman, Robert.
Call No: QM451.N456
- The secret life of the brain [videorecording] / Grubin, David.
Call No: QP376.S446
- Understanding the brain [videorecording] / Norden, Jeanette.
Call No: QP376.U55 PT.1,2,3
- Introduction to living cells [videorecording] / Viewtech Educational Media.
Call No: QH581.2.I61
- Life blood [videorecording] / Thompson, Andrew.
Call No: RM171.L722
- Mapping stem cell research [videorecording]: terra incognita / Finitzo, Maria.
Call No: QH588.S83M297
- Stem cells [videorecording] / Stonebarger, Bill.
Call No: QH587.S824 2005
- The domains of life. Part 2, The eukaryotic cell evolves [videorecording] / Viewtech Educational Media.
Call No: QH366.E87
- Cauldron Earth [videorecording] / Tschimmel, Udo.
Call No: QD37.C372
- Chemistry and life [videorecording] / Tschimmel, Udo.
Call No: QD37.C517
- Nature’s chemistry [videorecording] / Tschimmel, Udo.
Call No: QD37.N285
- The incredible human body [videorecording] / Goodman, Karen.
Call No: QP38.I37
- Acupuncture and moxibustion for endometriosis [videorecording] / Wang, Huimin.
Call No: RM184.A189M
- Acupuncture for dermatological diseases [videorecording] / Wu, Ying.
Call No: RM184.A189DD
- Acupuncture techniques [videorecording] / Xu, Hengze.
Call No: RM184.A189T VOL.1,2
- Palpation in Chinese medicine [videorecording] / Wang, Mingsan.
Call No: R601.T784P
- The treatment of irregular menstruation with Chinese medicine [videorecording] / Du, Huilan.
Call No: R601.T784M
- The treatment of obesity with Chinese medicine [videorecording] / Yao, Hong.
Call No: R601.T784
- The treatment of sciatica with Chinese medicine [videorecording] / Zhuang, Lixing.
Call No: R601.T784S
- Tui na for internal medicine diseases [videorecording] / Lu, Xiaozuo.
Call No: RM721.T915
- Cancer warrior [videorecording] / Linde, Nancy.
Call No: RC271.C5C215W
- Fungal pathogens and diseases of cereals. (3) [videorecording] / Verreet, Joseph-Alexander.
Call No: SB733.F981 VOL.3
- Killer diseases [videorecording] / Frost, David.
Call No: RA653.K48
- Malaria [videorecording]: fever wars / Hull, Kevin.
Call No: RA644.M2M237F
- The age of AIDS [videorecording] / Simone, Renata.
Call No: RA643.8.A265
- The Alzheimer’s project [videorecording] / Shriver, Maria. What’s happening to Grandpa?
Call No: C585039 DISC 1,2,3 ; K585040
- Tui na for internal medicine diseases [videorecording] / Lu, Xiaozuo.
Call No: RM721.T915
- Cracking the code of life [videorecording] / Arledge, Elizabeth.
Call No: QH445.2.C883
- DNA. Curing cancer [videorecording] / Goldblum, Jeff.
Call No: QP624.D629DN DISC 4
- DNA. Pandora’s box [videorecording] / Goldblum, Jeff.
Call No: QP624.D629DN DISC 5
- DNA, the molecule of life [electronic resource] / Cyber Ed Inc.
Call No: QP624.D629
- DNA. The secret of life [videorecording] / Glover, David M.
Call No: QP624.D629DN DISC 1
- DNA. The human race [videorecording] / Goldblum, Jeff.
Call No: QP624.D629DN DISC 3
Genetics/ Human Genome Project
- A question of genes [videorecording]: inherited risks / Films for the Humanities (Firm).
Call No: TP248.2.Q5
- Breaking the code [videorecording]: the race to uncover the secret of life / Maudsley, Dugald.
Call No: QH445.2.B828
- Gene guns [videorecording] : Genetic engineering / Hawkhill Associates.
Call No: QH442.G326GG
- How to build a human [videorecording] / Evans, Jeremy.
Call No: QH431.H847 DISCS 1-2
- The best of Horizon [videorecording]: genetics / Jones, Steve.
Call No: QH442.2.B561
- Incredible human machine [videorecording] / Cohen, Chad.
Call No: QM38.I37
- The human body [videorecording]: how we fail, how we heal / Goodman, Anthony A.
Call No: QP34.5.H918 GUIDEBOOK
- The making of the human body [videorecording] / Winston, Robert M. L.
Call No: QP38.H918
- The biology of algae [videorecording] / Russell, Bruce J.
Call No: QK566.B615
- The biology of protozoans [videorecording] / Russell, Bruce J.
Call No: QL366.B615
- The domains of life. Part 1, Life’s three great branches: archaea, bacteria & eucarya [videorecording] / Viewtech Educational Media.
Call No: QH366.L722
- The virus that cures [videorecording] / Bunting, Judith.
Call No: QR360.V821T
- Medicine and molecules [videorecording] / Films for the Humanities (Firm).
Call No: QH506.M489
- Molecular recognition [videorecording] / Bryant, Barbara.
Call No: QP517.M67M718
Some web resources are listed below.
Content at a glance
Biological Sciences Institutions and Societies
- American Institute of Biological Sciences
The American Institute of Biological Sciences is a non-profit scientific association dedicated to advancing biological research and education for the welfare of society.
- Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)
A non-profit organization that is the principal umbrella organization of U.S. societies in the field of biological and medical research.
- Society of Biology
Based in UK, the Society of Biology serves to advise Government and influence policy; advance education and professional development; support members, and engage and encourage public interest in the life sciences.
- The Singapore Institute of Biology
The Singapore Institute of Biology was founded in 1974 with the aim of furthering the cause of Biology and its applications.
A virtual library of internet resources compiled by US librarians.
Comprehensive scientific specific search engine on the internet.
Discussion Forums and News Groups
- sci.bio.misc: Google usenet group on Biology and related sciences
- Biology Online: free resource for biology related information run by enthusiasts
- Scientist Solutions
Directories of Sources
- Directory of Open Access Journals
A directory of selected web contents maintained by a vast global community of volunteer editors.
- The WWW Virtual Library – Biosciences
A directory and search engine of chemistry related resources on the Internet.
- Yahoo – Biology
It links Web resources from yahoo.com
Institutions of Higher Learning
- Nanyang Technological University
- National University of Singapore
- University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)
- Cambridge University
- Stanford University
- Australia National University
- The University of Melbourne
- University of Oxford
- Imperial College of London
- Tsinghua Univesity
- University of Hong Kong
Scholarly Communication Web Resources
The Eigenfactor score is a rating of the total importance of a scientific journal.
- Nobel Prize
The official web site of the Nobel Foundation, providing information for every Nobel Prize since 1901, including the Nobel Laureates’ biographies, Nobel Lectures, interviews, photos, articles, video clips, press releases, educational games and more.
- Research ID
A global, multi-disciplinary scholarly research community. It assigns a unique identifier to each author so as to eliminate author misidentification.
- Sherpa Juliet
Provides research funders archiving mandates and guidelines.
- Sherpa Romeo
Provides publisher’s copyright & archiving policies.
Reserves / RBR titles / Red-spot books are the textbooks for the course modules as recommended by the lecturers.
Browsing the Reserves Collection
Reserve titles for Biological Sciences are located in the Reserves section at Level 3 of Lee Wee Nam Library. They are available for 2-hour loans using the self-service machine located within the Reserves section. Overdue fines for such loans are set at S$0.50 per hour.
Searching for Reserves
You can retrieve reserves titles via their course codes from the library catalogue as follows: Go to the Library Catalogue: http://eps.ntu.edu.sg/
- Click the Reserves tab.
- Key in the course code into the search box.
- Click on Search by Course ID.
Access Biological Sciences final year project reports (except the confidential reports) in our Digital Repository (restricted access). Log in using NTU network user name and password to view the full text.
View the Collection Page of the Biological Sciences student reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI). Enter your search terms and click Go. Alternatively, browse by author, title, subject and date.
DR-NTU (Open Access) aims to capture, store and preserve the scholarly output of Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and make it available to the global research community. The journal article and conference paper publications of NTU faculty in the DR-NTU Open Access collection are searchable using internet search engines such as Google.
Biological Sciences Staff Papers
Many publishers allow self archiving of publications in institutional repositories. You may refer to the copyright policies and archiving guidelines from Sherpa Romeo for more information on these publishers.
If you would like to submit your journal article or conference paper for inclusion into the SBS collection, please see the instructions about submissions to DR-NTU or contact your subject librarian.
Browse through the current submissions to the DR-NTU from SBS.