Professor Wang Gungwu explained that ‘Overseas Chinese’, or ‘Huaqiao (华侨)’ refers to Chinese nationals – the citizens of the People’s Republic of China (including Hong Kong and Macau residents without right of abode elsewhere) and the nationals of the Republic of China (Taiwan) – who left their homeland to live abroad.
The terms ‘Huaren (华人)’ (ethnic Chinese) and ‘Huayi (华裔)’ (people of Chinese descent) refer to people who are ethnically Chinese but have foreign nationality or permanent residence rights in countries other than the territories mentioned above.
As the Chinese have emigrated far and wide, there are currently more than 30 million Chinese living all over the world. From the eighteenth till the mid-nineteenth century, emigration has been mainly channelled through occupational and clan associations (‘Huiguan 会馆’) based on dialect and native-place ties. These associations helped the new emigrants settle down and also played an important role in regulating economic activities, recruiting emigrants for work and maintaining links to the homeland.
Before the late twentieth century, Chinese emigrants were mostly from the southeastern coastal areas around Guangzhou (广州) and Xiamen (厦门) and established wide trading and shipping networks throughout East and Southeast Asia. Hakka (客家）, Chaozhou (潮州）and other emigrants also engaged in trade but were more prominent in the areas of mining and commercial agriculture.
From the 19th century to 1949, wars and starvation in mainland China fueled mass Chinese emigration. The chaos in their homeland sent millions of poorly educated, or even illiterate, Chinese abroad to work as labourers (also known as ‘coolies’ 苦力) in America, Australia, South Africa and Southeast Asia.
After the middle of the 19th century, the political transformation of East Asia and the growth of world markets stimulated an outflow of laborers from the rural areas of southeastern China to the mines and plantations mainly in Malaya and Indonesia. These laborers typically returned home after saving enough money, but there was also a significant number among them who chose to settle down.
At the beginning of the 20th century, a new wave of emigration saw single women sent out to marry the men who are overseas, and wives and children emigrating to reunite with their husbands and fathers who were abroad. The migrants of this period included educated people – teachers, journalists, students, political refugees and etc. They brought their communication and organizational skills with them, connecting the emergent communities with a modernizing China.
In the late 20th century, the source for Chinese emigrants extended beyond the traditional emigrant regions to include professionals and students from Taiwan, Hong Kong and other parts of China. Most emigrated to developed countries like North America, Europe and Australasia. They chose to leave for better economic and educational opportunities for themselves and their children.
At the same time, millions of legal and illegal Chinese workers moved to countries in the Middle East, Africa, Siberia and Myanmar. The Chinese Diaspora expanded and became more diverse during this period.
If you have heard or visited our early textbook special collection at Wang Gungwu library, you might be very impressed by these precious resources. Now we present this online bibliography for your easy access to this collection at any time anywhere as you like! It...read more
出版社: 商务印书馆 出版年份: 中华民国22年-...read more
出版社: 中华书局 商务印书馆 出版年份: 1957- 特点：1950年，中国的商务印书馆与当地的三联书局、中华书局、开明书局、联营书店联合组织中国图书发行公司，商务与中华在在新加坡的分局也因总馆的合并而有关系。两家分局在1957年联合出版了“中商版”教科书，加入战后新加坡、马来西亚与印尼教科书市场的竞争。...read more
出版社: 吧城上海书局 出版年份: 中华民国廿九年...read more
出版社: 教育出版社 出版年份：1977...read more
出版社: 新加坡文化事业（私人）有限公司 出版年份：1972...read more
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Tel: (65) 6790 5776
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- 华社研究中心Centre for Malaysian Chinese Studies
- 华裔馆 Chinese Heritage Center
- 南方学院华人族群与文化研究所Research Institute of Chinese Ethnicity & Culture, Southern College
- 新加坡亚洲研究学会 Singapore Society of Asian Studies
- 新加坡国立大学 海外华人研究
- 沙拉越华族文化协会Sarawak Chinese Cultural Association
- College of Liberal Arts and Social Science Southeast Asia Research Center, City University of Hong Kong
- 中国跨国关系研究中心 Center Of China’s Transnational Relations
- 暨南大学华侨华人研究院 Academy of Overseas Chinese Studies in Jinan University
- 暨南大学图书馆华侨华人文献信息中心 The Overseas Chinese Information and Data Center,Jinan University Library
- Asian Research Center for Migration (ARCM) Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University
- The Institute for Southeast Asian Studies in Vietnam
- 京都大学东南亚研究所 Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS), Kyoto University
- 关西大学亚洲文化交流研究中心 Center for the Study of Asian Cultures, Kansai University
- 印华写作者协会 Perhimpunan Penulis Tionghoa Indonesia
- 日本華僑華人學會 The Japan Society for the Studies of Chinese Overseas
- 東京大學東洋文化研究所 Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia
- 菲律宾华文教育研究中心Philippine Chinese Education Research Center
- Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University
- Center for Southeast Asia Studies, International & Area Studies, University of California, Berkeley
- Chinese in Guyana: Their Roots
- Chinese in/from Latin America
- Dr. You-Bao Shao Overseas Chinese Documentation and Research Center
- European Institute for Asian Studies (EIAS)
- Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford
- International Institute of Asian Studies(IIAS)
- MUSEUM OF CHINESE IN AMERICA
- Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, University of Copenhagen
- 世界海外华人研究与文献收藏机构联合会The World Confederation of Institutes and Libraries for Chinese Overseas Studies
- 世界海外华人研究学会International Society for the Studies of Chinese Overseas
- 加华历史协会Chinese Canadian Historical Society of British Columbia
- 加拿大华裔作家协会Chinese Canadian Writers’ Association
- 华美博物馆Chinese American Museum
- 南方华裔研究中心 Chinese Southern Diaspora Studies (CSDS), Australian National University
- 法国现代中国研究中心French Centre for Research on Contemporary China (CEFC)
- 美国华人历史学会 Chinese Historical Society Of America Museum
You can either BROWSE the book collection in the Library or SEARCH the Library Catalogue.
Browsing the collection
The main book collection on Chinese Overseas is located at the Chinese Library and the Wang Gungwu Library. There are also English titles at the Humanities & Social Sciences Library and Business Library.
They are classified using the Library of Congress Classification Number System (LCCS) which means that books with similar subject matter are shelved near to each other. Each book spots a call number which is a group of numbers and letters located at the book spine. You can use the call numbers as a guide to locate books on the shelves. For example, you can browse the shelves labelled DS732 to DS735 when looking for the Chinese Overseas collection.
Below is a list of core subject areas related to Chinese Overseas with their corresponding call numbers.
|Search Terms||LC subject headings||LC Class|
|Chinese Overseas||Chinese — Foreign countries||DS732 – DS735|
|Chinese migrations||Chinese — migrations||DS732|
|Chinese Emigration and immigration||China Emigration and immigration||DS599
|Chinese in Foreign countries||Chinese – Foreign countries||DS732|
|Chinese in Southeast Asia||Chinese – Southeast Asia||DS523.4.C45
DS 503 — DS610
|Chinese in Indonesia||Chinese — Indonesia||DS632.3.C5|
|Chinese in Malaysia||Chinese — Malaysia||DS595.2.C5|
|Chinese in Singapore||Chinese — Singapore||DS610.25.C5|
Selected book lists by subject
To help you get started, I have created book lists on the following topics. Click on them to retrieve the relevant books.
Searching for books
How to find subject terms for a Library Catalogue search
You can find a list of books on a specific subject by searching the Library Catalogue under the appropriate LC subject headings as listed above. Remember to use the drop down menu and select SUBJECT.
Improve your search results with these catalogue tips.
The library does not have a particular book? Recommend it to us
Students can send an e-mail to email@example.com with as much details about the item as possible – Title, Author/editor, Place of publication, Publisher or producer, Date of publication, ISBN, Edition and Price.
Reference books refer to dictionaries, handbooks, encyclopedias, yearbooks, abstracts, almanacs, biographies and etc. They are great if you are doing a quick check on definitions, descriptions or facts and figures. Find reference titles for Chinese Overseas using the Library Catalogue’s Advanced search and specifying the TYPE as REFERENCE. See Catalogue FAQs for more tips. A selection of reference books are presented below. Click on the hyperlinked titles to check availability in the Library.
Content at a Glance
- 華僑大辭典 Call No. DS733.H874
- 世界华侨华人词典 Dictionary of oversea Chinese Call No. DS732.S555
- The encyclopedia of the Chinese overseas Call No. DS732.E56 2006
- 华侨华人百科全书 (12 volumes) Call No. DS732.H874
Biographic Dictionaries 传记
- Biographical dictionary of the Chinese in Malaysia Call No. DS595.2.C5L477
- 华侨爱国心 Call No. DS732.H874A
- 馬來西亞跨世纪名人錄 = Who’s who in Malaysian Chinese community, new millennium 2000-2001 Call No. DS595.2.C5M111K
- 马新报人录, 1806-2000 = Who’s who in the press, Malaysia & Singapore, 1806-2000 Call No. PN5449.M4Y25M
- 世界华人精英传略. (7 volumes) (港澳卷, 美国卷, 南美洲与加拿大卷, 泰国卷, 新加坡与马来西亚卷, 印度尼西亚卷) Call No. DS732.S555D
Bibliographies, Reviews and Indexes 书目、综述、索引
- A bibliography of Japanese works on the overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia, 1914-1945 Call No. Z3221.H631
- 东南亚与华侨华人研究论文索引, 2001-2005年 Call No. DS521.D682Q
- 华侨华人硏究中文书目 Call No. DS732.X8
A database may contain subject-based or multidisciplinary data that includes journal articles, conference papers, reviews, standards, news articles and much more.
Listed here are some databases that contain academic articles and information on Chinese Overseas. Click on the names of the databases to open them. Login with your NTU Network username and password if prompted.
CNKI stands for China National Knowledge Infrastructure and is a major academic resource from mainland China. The Library’s subscription consists of full-text access to:
- Academic articles on Literature/History/Philosophy (1994 – present), Politics/Military/Law (1994 – present), Education/Social Sciences (1994 – present) and Electronic Technology & Information Science (2003–2008)
- China Doctor/Master’s Dissertation on Literature/History/Philosophy (2003-2006) and Politics/Military/Law (2003-2006)
View its Database information page.
This is another academic database that has resource on: Philosophy/Politics/Law, Social Sciences, Economics/Finance and Health/Medicine with full-text available from 1997 onwards.
View its Database information page.
Last but not least, check out relevant core journals from WANFANG. You can click on the journal titles to open the full text of articles directly.
Wiser is a Chinese news provider from Hong Kong and covers 742 main Chinese newspapers from Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and other Asia Pacific countries. View its Database information page.
If you prefer to read in Chinese, check out 慧讯科业检索方法 for user guides.
Other related databases
- Bibliography of Asian Studies
This is the electronic version of the Bibliography of Asian Studies (BAS) which contains over 640,000 records on all subjects (especially in the humanities and the social sciences) pertaining to East, Southeast, and South Asia published worldwide from 1971 to the present. View its Database information page.
Factiva provides news and business information. It covers 10,000 sources from more than 159 countries in 22 languages and offers more than 400 continuously updated newswires, including the exclusive combination of Dow Jones, Reuters and The Associated Press. View its Database information page.
This database provides backfiles of core scholarly journals in many disciplines including Chinese migration, Chinese immigration, Chinese overseas and etc. View its Database information page.
- ProQuest [Dissertations & Theses]
This database contains doctoral dissertations and master’s theses. Dissertations published from 1980 onwards include a 350-word abstract written by the author while master’s theses published from 1988 onwards include a 150-word abstract.
Databases on Standalone PCs
These databases cannot be accessed remotely. Click on the titles to find out how to access these resources.
- Singapore National Bibliography (SNB)
The Singapore National Bibliography contains bibliographic records of all works published or produced in the Republic of Singapore. CD-ROM on SNB contains records of printed annual bibliography, covering works in English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil.
- Singapore Periodicals Index (SPI) CD-ROM
SPI CD-ROM is a compilation of the Singapore Periodicals Index from 1981-1995. It indexes over 50,000 articles in periodicals published in Singapore.
There are more print journals than electronic journals in this interdisciplinary studies. However because it is more convenient to access, I shall cover electronic journals first before elaborating the print ones.
Access e-journal titles via the Library’s A-to-Z list. Here’s how:
- Select E-Journals from the Library Homepage
- Select Titles A to Z
- Type in the journal title if you know the exact journal title in the quick search box, or type in the key words if you are unsure
- You can also search the journals by subject: Click the “Subjects” tab and select “History (general) and history of Europe” from the drop-down list
- In the retrieved list, choose History of Asia / China to call up a list of journals on Chinese History.
- Each title contains the journal title, the databases that it is found in, the ISSN, the publisher and the subject headings. Click the database link to access the journal
Key e-journals on China Overseas
Click on the journal titles to retrieve the journal.
- China: An International Journal
- Journal of Chinese Overseas
- The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs Continued by The China Journal
- China Information
- China Quarterly
- Journal of contemporary China
- Modern China
- Chinese Studies in History
- American Asia Review
- Journal of Asian Studies
If you have a specific title in mind, find the call number and location via the Library Catalogue. Enter the journal title in the search box and select JOURNAL TITLE from the drop down menu.
Important Note: Articles titles are not searchable in the library catalogue. You can only search for the journal titles.
I have compiled a list of print journal titles on Chinese Overseas and arranged them according to type of journals.
- Journal of Chinese overseas
Call No. DS732.J86
Call No. DS732.H149
- 华侨华人历史研究 = Overseas Chinese history studies
Call No. DS732.H874
Call No. DS732.H874
Call No. DS732.H874S
Call No. DS732.H874Q
- 华侨与华人=The Chinese overseas
Call No. DS732.H874QR
- 华人研究国际学报 = The international journal of diasporic Chinese studies
Call No. DS732.H874YJ
- 華人月刊 = Life overseas
Call No. DS732.H874YK
- 华人之声 = Voice of the Chinese
Call No. DS732.H874R12
Call No. DS732.S555J
- 僑史學報 = Journal of overseas Chinese history
Call No. DS732.Q1
Call No. DS732.S528
Call No. DS730.M663Y
- Britain-China : the magazine of the Great Britain-China Centre
Call No. DA125.C5B862
Call No. DS732.B111
Call No. AN2.L693
- 海外華人研究通訊 = Newsletter for overseas Chinese studies
Call No. DS732.H149J
- 海外華人研究通訊 = Newsletter for overseas Chinese studies
- Chinese Clan Associations (Singapore and Malaysia)
- Chinese Clan Associations (other countries)
- 番禺僑讯 = Overseas Chinese news of Panyu
Call No. DS797.32.G836P198P
- 番禺僑讯 = Overseas Chinese news of Panyu
- Research Centres/Institutions
- 南洋大學常年報告 = Annual report, Nanyang University
Call No. LG395.S57N193D
- 美國西北華人歷史學會年刊 1984-1986 = The Annals of the Chinese Historical Society of the Pacific Northwest
Call No. F855.2.C5A613
- 旅英華僑年鑑 = Overseas Chinese in Britain year book
Call No. DA125.C5L926
Here are some selected web resources on Chinese Overseas. Most of them are websites of research centres and institutions around the world that conduct active research on Overseas chinese or have sizeable collection of related books and research materials.
- Chinatownology – Overseas Chinese
- Chinese Professionals (华专网)
- Overseas Chinese Network
Meet Chinese from all over the world
- Migration Information Source
A. Studies of Chinese Overseas in Singapore and Malaysia
- Centre for Malaysian Chinese Studies
- Chinese Heritage Centre (Singapore)
- Chinese Overseas Databank and Research
- East Asian Institute at National University of Singapore
B. Studies of Chinese Overseas in East Asia and Southeast Asia
- Centre for Asia-Pacific Area Studies, RCHSS, Academia Sinica (亚太区域研究专题中心)
- Centre for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS)
National Cheng Kung University (成功大学东南亚研究中心)
- Centre for the Study of the Chinese Southern Diaspora (CSCSD)
Australia National University
- Chinese Overseas in South East Asia
Library of Congress
- Institute of South Asian Studies
Sichuan University (四川大学南亚研究所)
- Southeast Asia Research Centre (SEARC)
C. Studies of Chinese Overseas in other countries
- Chinese Overseas Collection
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (香港中文大学图书馆海外华人特藏)
- Data Centre for Overseas Chinese Studies
- Dr. Shao You-Bao Overseas Chinese Documentation and Research Centre
- Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
- Overseas Chinese Clippings Database
Hong Kong Baptist University Library ( 香港浸信会大学海外华侨华人剪报数据库)
- The Overseas Chinese Information & Data Centre
Jinan University Library (暨南大学图书馆华侨华人文献信息中心)
- The World Confederation of Institutes and Libraries for Chinese Overseas Studies (WCILCOS)
Access students’ works such as Final Year Projects (FYP), theses, internship or attachment reports in our Digital Repository restricted collections. Log in using NTU network user name and password to view the full text.
HSS Theses Collection
As Overseas Chinese research are mostly done at a postgraduate level, more relevant research output would be in the form of theses and dissertations. These would be located within the HSS Theses Collection. Access the search results for Overseas Chinese to view theses related to Chinese Overseas.
Centre for Chinese Language & Culture Collection
The postgraduate programmes conducted by the Centre for Chinese Language & Culture (CCLC) (中华语言文化中心) have also resulted in a sizeable collection of theses and dissertations. They can be located within the Digital Repository (restricted) under the Centre for Chinese Language & Culture community.
Access the search results for Overseas Chinese to view the CCLC theses related to Chinese Overseas.
DR-NTU (Open Access) stands for Digital Repository – Open Access. It contains publications consisting of journal articles and conference papers written by NTU staff. The papers deposited in this repository are indexed by search engines.
HSS Staff papers
We encourage researchers to upload their research papers to DR-NTU Open Access. Copyright policies and archiving guidelines of your publishers can be found at Sherpa Romeo .
If you would like to submit your journal article or conference paper for inclusion into our Library Collection, please read the instructions about submission.