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What is Chinese Studies?

Though a unified definition within the academe hasn’t been formed, it is generally accepted that Chinese Studies is the study of all China-related subjects, including traditional culture, learning and science and taking Confucianism as the dominant thought among all schools. It also covers medicine, drama, painting and calligraphy, astrology, mathematics, and many other topics.

In China, the studies of China-related subjects is known as Guoxue (国学 “National Studies”). Chinese Studies originally meant official institutes of the government. After Western culture was introduced to China around the 1920s, Chinese Studies evolved and was eventually recognized as a discipline dealing with all aspects of Chinese arts, cultures, and traditions. To read more about Chinese Studies, please click here.

Another term that is commonly related to Chinese studies is Sinology. Sinology generally refers to the study on China and things related to China (with research normally conducted by foreigners), but its usage in Europe and American academes are slightly different.

In Europe, Sinology usually meant Chinese Studies whereas in the United States, sinology is a subfield of Chinese Studies. Chinese Studies is seen as a broader discipline with an emphasis on modern and contemporary China while sinology refers more strictly to the study of the classical language and literature, and the philological approach on China.

In Japan, Sinology is known as kangaku (漢学 “Han Studies”) and is translated as Hanxue (汉学 “Han Studies”).

Scope of Chinese Studies

As a course, Chinese studies normally comprises philosophy (with Confucianism as the mainstream school of thoughts), history, religions, literature, etiquette and customs, textural research, versions comparison, and etc. According to the Four Sections of Books (四部分类法), Chinese studies contain four parts:

  1. Confucian Classics
  2. History
  3. Thinkers of Schools
  4. Literature

Philosophically, Chinese thoughts include pre-Qin thoughts, Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism, with Confucianism occupying a dominant position. According to the NTU Division of Chinese homepage, the curriculum consists of 5 course categories:

  1. Literature and Culture
  2. History and Thought
  3. Modern Chinese Society, Politics and Economy
  4. Linguistics and Chinese Linguistics
  5. Studies of Ethnic-Chinese

The courses combine the historical and philosophical understanding of Chinese literature and culture with an emphasis on modern and contemporary China. In order to support the curriculum, this subject room will be focusing on Chinese literature, history and thoughts from pre-Qin to 1949. The other categories will be covered in other subject rooms. These are Chinese Linguistics and Contemporary China.

Brief Introductions

I have written brief introductions on the three major topics covered in this subject room. Do read them for a general overview below:

About Chinese Literature

Early writings, dating back to the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (256 – 770 BCE), are generally derived from philosophical or religious essays such as the works of Confucius (551 – 479 BC) and Lao–Tzu (around 4th century BC). This tradition of historical writing became part of the Chinese Classical Literature.


The introduction of widespread woodblock printing during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD) and invention of the movable type printing by Bi Sheng (990-1051) during the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) help to spread written knowledge and literature rapidly throughout China.

In addition to classic texts of philosophical, religious, and historical writings, China also produced poetry, novels, and dramatic writings from an early date. Poetry became well established as a literary form during the Tang Dynasty (618 to 907AD) and one of China’s greatest poets, Li Bai (李白) was from this period.

There is a short video introduction about Tang Poetry from a TV documentary about the Tang Dynasty’s literary legacy. Click to watch it:


Novels & Dramas

Early Chinese novels often stressed on character developments, and plots are usually centred around an adventure or supernatural happening. The four famous classic novels are:

  1. The Western Journey (Monkey King’s Story 西游记)
  2. The Water Margin (水浒传)
  3. Romance of the Three Kingdoms (三国演义)
  4. Dream of the Red Chamber (红楼梦)

Drama is another old and important literary form. Perhaps one of the best known drama involving several operatic traditions is the Peking Opera (京剧). Chinese opera is a highly favored artistic and cultural medium.

Modern Literary Movements

China’s literary traditions have endured although 20th-century writings have concentrated on efforts to reform or modernize China. Modern Chinese literature originated from the late Qing period (1895-1911) and evolved in the New Culture Movement (1917-23). The most famous writer during this period is probably Lu Xun (鲁迅), a poet, essayist and novelist. He was the first major stylist in the new vernacular prose (白话)that Hu Shi (胡适) and Chen Duxiu (陈独秀) were promoting.

The late 1920s and 1930s were years of creativity in Chinese fiction, literary journals and societies. Among the major writers of the period were Guo Moruo (郭沫若) (1892-1978), Mao Dun (茅盾) (1896-1981), Ba Jin (巴金) (1904-2005) and Lao She (老舍) (1899-1966). This period also saw the emergence of spoken drama. Some outstanding playwrights included Ouyuang Yuqian (欧阳予倩), Hong Shen (洪深), Tian Han (田汉) and Cao Yu (曹禺).

Modern poetry flourished in the 1930s in the hands of poets like Zhu Xiang (朱湘), Dai Wangshu (戴望舒), Li Jinfa (李金发), Wen Yiduo (闻一多) and etc.

Other important writers were Mu Shiying (穆时英), Liu Na’ou (刘呐鸥), Shi Zhecun (施蛰存), Shen Congwen (沈从文) and Fei Ming (废名). There were also a sizeable group of women writers. Ding Ling (丁玲), Bing Xin (冰心), Xiao Hong (萧红), just to list a few.

Contemporary Chinese Literature

In contemporary China, Chinese literature transits into another distinct phase. Before the 70s, writers were expected to uphold the values of the socialist state and their writings were subjected to varying degrees of control.

Reforms in the late 70s encouraged experienced writers and some younger writers to pick up writing again and this period became known as the “New Era” (新时期). The spirit of literary experimentation flourished, leading to the publication of a large number of novels and short stories, especially in the second half of the 1980s. Fiction writers, such as Wang Meng (王蒙), Zhang Xinxin (张辛欣) and Zong Pu (宗璞), and dramatists such as Gao Xingjian (高行健) experimented in modernist language and narrative modes.

Another group of writers including Han Shaogong (韩少功), Mo Yan, and A Cheng (阿城), collectively recognized as the “Roots Movement” (寻根), sought to reconnect literature and culture to Chinese traditions. Other writers such as Yu Hua (余华), Ge Fei (格非), Su Tong (苏童) experimented in a more avant-garde (先锋) mode of writing that was daring both in form and language and their works reflected a complete loss of faith in ideals. As in the May Fourth movement, women writers like Chen Ran (陈然), Wang Anyi (王安忆), and Hong Ying (虹影) who explored female subjectivity in a radically changing society flourished.

In short, contemporary literature in the PRC is multifarious and cannot be reduced to any single school or trend. I would like to end this brief introduction with the following video clip.

Why Ancient China Just Never Goes Away?

This is a lecture presented by Steve Durrant, Professor of Chinese Literature at the University of Oregon.

About Chinese History

China, one of the four oldest civilizations in the world, has a written history of more than 4,000 years. Its history can be broadly divided into 3 periods:


  1. Ancient China (ca. 1550 BC -221 BC)
  2. Imperial China (220 BC to 1911)
  3. Modern China (1911-present)

Click on the links to read the general descriptions in Wikipedia. They provide quick and easy reads for your general understanding of each era. Remember to look up more authoritiative print resources (Reference Works) if you need citations for your assignments.

Historians described a political pattern of dynasties, in cycles of ascent, achievement, decay and rebirth under a new dynasty. For a quick glance of all the dynasties and republican era organized in chronology, visit the Table of Content of Country Studies: China, produced by the Library of Congress. For a similar list in Chinese, visit 中国历史朝代排序 by

Learn about Ancient China

Watch a very short video describing ancient China and its key developments :

Description of the literature on Chinese History

Chinese history is a vast research field with voluminous historical records and scholarly works. Historical records, most of which are primary sources, include original editions or photo-reproductions of rare Chinese works, government documents, memorials to emperors, dynasty gazetteers (朝代地名辞典), local chronicles (方志), genealogy (族谱), diaries, manuscripts, literary collections, rare books of classics, history, philosophy and literature, rubbings, scrolls and etc. These are original research materials meant for scholars’ usage.

Scholarly works, normally interpretations and evaluations of primary sources, are defined as secondary sources. These include monographs, journal papers, doctoral dissertations, conference proceedings, and electronic information. While most are written in Chinese, some works also contain English and other languages.

There are also plenty of tertiary sources on Chinese history, such as textbooks, guidebooks, almanacs (历书/年历), chronologies (年表/大事记), dictionaries, encyclopedias, and references such as indexes, abstracts and bibliographies that are used to locate both primary and secondary sources.

For beginners, textbooks and references should be your main resources. This subject room will mainly introduce the tertiary and secondary sources on Chinese history, written both in English and Chinese.

About Chinese Thoughts

The main schools of thoughts throughout China history are:

  1. The Hundred Schools of Thought in Pre-Qin period
  2. Legalism in Qin Dynasty
  3. Daoism (often spelled “Taoism”) and later Confucianism as the official doctrine in Han Dynasty
  4. Xuan Xue (obscure knowledge, also called Neo-Taoism 玄学) in Wei and Jin Dynasty
  5. Buddhism in Sui and Tang Dynasty
  6. Neo-Confucianism in Song Dynasty
  7. Wang Yang Ming’s School of Mind (one of the two main schools on Neo-Confucianism) in Ming Dynasty
  8. The return to the Han Dynasty Confucianism during the Qing Dynasty

Here is a short video on Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism in China, the three main teachings that influenced Chinese thoughts. The narration is done in English.

In the late Qing Dynasty, Chinese philosophy began to integrate concepts of Western philosophy as steps towards modernization. Through reforms and revolutions like the Self-Strengthening Movement, Hundred Days’ Reform in 1898, Xinhai Revolution (辛亥革命) in 1911 and the May Fourth Movement in 1919, the old imperial institutions were abolished and capitalism and Marxist ideas surfaced.

Sun Yat-Sen incorporated democracy, republicanism and industrialism into Chinese philosophy while Mao Zedong blended Marxism with Confucianism, Taoism and other communist thoughts to create “Maoism”. The government of the People’s Republic of China encourages socialism with Chinese characteristics, that is, market socialism.

The classic period of Chinese philosophy occurred in the Spring and Autumn Period (722-481 BC), known as the Hundred Schools of Thought (諸子百家). This period is considered the golden age of Chinese philosophy. Of the many schools founded at this time and during the subsequent Warring States Period, the four most influential school of thoughts were Confucianism, Daoism, Mohism and Legalism.


Confucianism represents the collected teachings of Confucius, who lived from 551 to 479 BCE. His philosophy concerns the fields of ethics and politics, emphasizing on personal and governmental morality, the correctness of social relationships, justice, traditionalism, and sincerity.

Confucian learning was further developed by his students and followers, such as Mencius. It does not consist of only one doctrine, but is made of many strands of thought within the same doctrine with different people emphasizing on different aspects. Confucianism was and continues to be a major influence in Chinese culture, the state of China and the surrounding areas of Southeast Asia.

Learn more about Confucius’ thoughts through this video lecture by a lecturer from the Beijing University – 孔子的思想 汤一介 主讲

Topics/Course Guides


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Selected Resources


Books are useful as they provide detailed information and longer exposition about a topic. Many books also consolidate previous knowledge, helping the reader to better understand the topic.

The book list in this section is organized into 3 broad categories and focus on print books:

Searching for books

You can find a list of Chinese books on specific subjects in Chinese Studies by searching the Library Catalogue under the appropriate subject headings in the subject field.

Find out how with this step-by-step guide.


An e-book, (short for electronic book), is defined by the Oxford Dictionary of English, as “an electronic version of a printed book which can be read on a personal computer or hand-held device designed specifically for this purpose”.


The Library has more than 140,000 e-books and 100,000 are Chinese titles. Please note that the Chinese e-books are not catalogued in our Library catalogue but are listed separately in the 2 vendors’ websites: Apabi and SuperStar.

I have compiled a list of e-books and you can click on the title to access the e-book. However, you will need to install Apabi reader or Superstar reader before reading the content of the e-books (you need to do this once only).

Need the user guides in Chinese? Please click here: 超星、阿帕比数据库的使用方法.

Apabi 阿帕比数字资源平台

Apabi is a Chinese E-book database and NTU has subscription for over 6400 titles currently. These titles are categorized under the topics of:

  1. Politics of China (1743 titles)
  2. Economics (1747 titles)
  3. Literature (1807 titles)

To browse the titles under each category, you can click the “+” or “-“ to expand or contract the tree category in the left hand side. You can also do a quick search by title, author, keyword(s) or publisher at the top right side (as shown below).

Select e-book list on Chinese history

The titles are linked to directly access the content but do install the Apabi reader first.

书名 责任者 出版社
战国策研究 裴登峰 甘肃人民出版社
史记研究 张大可 华文出版社
秦汉文化史 熊铁基 东方出版中心
魏晋南北朝文化史 万绳楠 东方出版中心
隋唐五代文化史 孙昌武 东方出版中心
宋辽夏金元文化史 叶坦, 蒋松岩 社东方出版中心
明代文化史 商传 东方出版中心
中国古代文明研究 李学勤 华东师范大学出版社
中国近代史重点问题解答 徐凤晨, 陆方, 曹靖国 吉林文史出版社
中国现代史稿 王作坤 … [等] 吉林文史出版社
西学与清代文化 黄爱平, 黄兴涛 中华书局

Select e-book list on Chinese literature

书名 责任者 出版社
中国古典小说史论 (美) 夏志清 江西人民出版社
中国古代文学 于非 高等教育出版社
中国古典文学常识 王红霞 天地出版社
中国古代文学要籍导读 费振刚 北京大学出版社
中国古代文学史纲与名篇欣赏 杨焱林 复旦大学出版社
中国古代文学专题 杨立群 对外经济贸易大学出版社
中国古代诗歌概论与名篇欣赏 高民 清华大学出版社;北京交通大学出版社
中国历代文论精选 张少康 北京大学出版社
中古文学史论 王瑶 北京大学出版社
唐诗宋词十五讲 葛晓音 北京大学出版社
宋词三百首 唐圭璋 中国经济出版社
宋诗三百首评注 刘乃昌 齐鲁书社
唐诗三百首 蘅塘退士 中国经济出版社
唐宋散文导读 熊礼汇,闵泽平 长江文艺出版社
唐宋词名篇导读 谭新红,王兆鹏 长江文艺出版社
文心雕龙 刘 勰 中国经济出版社
词曲研究 王小盾, 杨栋 湖北教育出版社
明清小说 周先慎 北京大学出版社
明清小说名著导读 陈文新 … [等] 长江文艺出版社
中国古代文学学习指导 严冰 北京大学出版社
中国现当代文学 党秀臣 高等教育出版社
二十世纪中国小说史 陈平原 北京大学出版社
二十世纪中国小说理论资料 钱理群 北京大学出版社
中国当代文学史教程 陈思和 复旦大学出版社
中国文学史纲要 袁行霈 北京大学出版社
中国俗文学七十年 吴同瑞 … [等] 北京大学出版社
中国文学简史 林庚 北京大学出版社
中国当代文学史料选 谢冕, 洪子诚 北京大学出版社
百年学术 费振刚, 温儒敏 北京大学出版社
中国现当代作家作品研究 吴小美, 赵学勇 兰州大学出版社
中国现当代文学 丁帆, 朱晓进 南京大学出版社
现当代文学思潮散论 张器友 安徽教育出版社
中国当代文学发展史 孟繁华, 程光炜著 人民文学出版社
中国文学通史 唐金海, 周斌 东方出版中心
简明中国文学史 孙静,周先慎 北京大学出版社

Superstar 超星数字图书馆

Superstar is the earliest e-book database in China. NTU Library subscribed to about 100,000 titles on Chinese philosophy, literature, language, history and geography. Please don’t forget to install the reader before reading the content of the book online.

Instruction for browsing the book titles in this database:

  1. Go to the database’s home page, click “树状检索”
  2. Click any of the 4 categories that we have subscribed, e.g., “历史、地理图书馆”
  3. Follow the screens to select the sub-categories step by step, and you will see the titles listed in the table as shown below. You can change the setting of “显示笔数” from 10 to 250 to browse more titles in one page.
  4. In the result list, you can click the “READ” button to read the book online directly (please install the reader first); to know more information about the title, you can click the “DETAIL” button; to mark the title into your list, you can click the “MARK” button.


Selected e-books on Chinese history

It is highly advisable that you could install the readers to have direct access to the content.

书名 出版年月 责任者
春秋史 2003 / 04 童书业 著
唐人大有胡气——异域文化与风习在唐代的传播与影响 1992 / 07 管士光著责任编辑 马春辉
唐代的外来文明 1995 / 08 [美]谢弗
五代史话 1985 / 05 卞孝萱 郑学檬
中国转向内在——两宋之际的文化内向 2002 / 01 [美]刘子健著 赵冬梅译 刘东主编
西夏与周边民族关系史 1995 / 05 杜建录
细说元朝 1997 / 12 黎东方
穹庐集——元史及西北民族史研究 1982 / 11 韩儒林著
元代社会生活史 1997 / 10 秦新林
中国历代王朝兴衰启示录 漠北来去 1997 / 08 姚大力
正说明清五百年 2005 / 08 史林著
枪炮轰鸣下的尊严:1840年至1911年的中国故事 2005 / 04 汤仁泽著
图文20世纪中国史 (第一至十卷)(1900-1999) 1999 / 01 程栋主编
百年风云录 1994 / 10 程思远主编
现代危机与思想人物 2005 / 01 余英时著
从鸦片战争到解放 1997 / 06 爱泼斯坦
桌上风烟——四大和谈与半个世纪中国政坛的角逐 1997 / 12 刘圣宜
五四运动史 1999 / 08 [美]周策纵
五四图史 1999 / 04 丁守和, 马勇等编著
1927-1937年国民党统治下的中国流产的革命 1992 / 02 [美]易劳逸
中国抗日战争史:1931-1945 2001 / 11 张宪文主编

How to search for English E-books ?

You can search for English e-books subscribed by our library by using the Library Catalogue. Some simple steps for accessing e-books can be found at this E-books Page.

Reference Works

A reference work (参考工具书) is a compendium of information and compiled in a book for easy reference. They are usually referred to for particular pieces of information, rather than for reading from beginning to end. Typical reference works in Chinese history include dictionaries, biographic dictionaries, chronologies /almanac and bibliographies. You can browse the list below further explanations.


所谓参考工具书,是指主要用于查询而不用于连续阅读的书籍,它系统汇集某方面的资料,按特定方法加以编排,以供需要时查考。传统文史类的参考工具书主要分为 4大类型:

  • 辞书型:字典、词典、辞典
  • 资料型:百科全书、传记、类书、政书、年鉴、综述
  • 线索型:书目、索引、文摘
  • 便捷型:手册、名录、表谱、图 录


  • Dictionaries (辞书:字典、词典、辞典)
  • 辞书是字典、词典、辞典的统称。字典、词典是最常用和通用的工具书。
  • 字典只收单字,主要任务是解释汉字的形(写法)、音(读法)、义(涵义)。
  • 辞典一般兼收单字和复词。重点在解释词语,它一般是先列单字,注音释义,再列以此单字为头的词语,然后释义。如同时提供另一种或多种语言的对照释义,则为双语(bilingual)或多语言(multilingual)辞典。
  • 词典与辞典的区别:收录语文词汇为主的称词典;收录术语、专有名词、学科性词汇为主的称辞典。

  • Encyclopedias (百科全书)

百科全书是一种重要的知识密集型工具书,它总结和组织了世界上累积的知识,是百科知识的汇总。是一种理想的参考工具书。百科全书可以解决关于“什么”、“怎样”、“何地”、“何时”、“为什么”、“谁”等问题。最适合用来解答有关定义、概念、论述、解释、历史沿革、当前状况、统计及关于人物、事件等内容广泛的综合性问题 ,被誉为“工具书之王”。主要分为综合性百科全书(General Encyclopedia)和专业性百科全书(Subject Encyclopedia) 两种。

  • Biographical references (传记资料)

传记资料是关于某些特定领域著名人物的资料, 它是专门为解决个人传记问题而编写出版的单独出版物,一般缩写词用得较多。包括人名录(Who’s Who),传记辞典(Biographical Dictionary),传记索引(Biographical Dictionary)和姓名译名手册等。

  • 名人录 Who’s Who
    又称人名录,是一种简要介绍某一方面人物生卒年、学历经历、荣誉、称号、著作及家庭住址等资料的一种工具书。 基本上只收录在世的人物。不定期或定期累积修订。
  • 传记辞典 Biographical Dictionaries
  • 传记索引 Biographical Indexes
    传记索引是另一种重要的查询人物传记资料来源的参考工具书,提供出现在图书、期刊或名人录/传记字典中的人物传记索引。最有名的传记资源索引是美国 GALE 公司的“Biography and Genealogy Master Index (BGMI)”和 W.H. Wilson 公司的 Biography Index

  • Collected documents (类书)


  • Government Documents (政书)

政书是专门记载典章制度的沿革变化和各项政治、经济、等制度的演变和发展的书籍,具有资料汇编的性质。因而也成为阅读古籍、研究历史时需要翻检的一类工具书。政书可以分为通史与断代史两大类,前者以《十通》为代表,后者多以 “会要”、“会典”作书名。

  • Yearbooks, Annuals, Chronologies, Almanacs (年鉴、年表)


  • 年鉴 Yearbooks、Annuals、Almanacs
    Yearbook 类年鉴,主要以描述与统计的方式提供前一年的动态性资料和各项最新信息及连续统计数字。一般只收当前资料而不收回溯性资料;Annual 类年鉴,一般都逐年综合述评某个领域的进展状况,多为专科性年鉴。内容仅限于相应年份的当前新资料。
    Almanac 年鉴出版物与Yearbook在内容上有区别,Yearbook不收录回溯性资料;而Almanacs有回溯性资料。但在使用过程中,把它们视为同一类工具书。
  • 统计年鉴 Statistical Yearbooks
  • 年表 Chronologies
    年表类工具书通常按时间顺序(有时逐日记录)追寻历史发展的脉络,叙述全世界或某个国家、地区或学科领域在各历史发展时期有重大影响和贡献的主要事件和人物。 不定期或定期累积出版。年表、历表、历书的区别:年表是按照年代顺序排列或以简明扼要的历史事件而制成的工具书。凡是记当年年月日的是历书,而汇编或缩编千百年历书的是历表年表,但年表只是纪年,不纪月、日,而历表则在年表之下,还要纪月、日,所以历表乃由年表和历书汇合而成。它们也可概称为年表。

  • Catalogues, Bibliographies, Indexes, Abstracts (书目、索引、文摘)
  • 目录 Catalogue
    目录是揭示和报导整本图书、期刊等单位出版物外部特征的一种检索工具。目录的种类很多,各有不同的作用。例: 《中文核心期刊要目总览》、 《中国国家书目》 、 《社科新书目》 等
  • 参考书目 Bibliography
  • 索引 Index
    索引是将文献中具有检索意义的内容,如书名、篇名、主题、人名、地名、字、词、句等摘录下来,按一定顺序编排组织。注明出处,以供查检的工具书。也是查找隐含在文章中所需情报,进行微观检索的有用工具。分:1)篇目索引 如《全国报刊索引》; 2)字句索引,如《尚书通检》、《毛诗引得》;3)主题索引,如 《马恩全集主题索引》, 4)专名索引, 如 《二十四史纪传人名索引》。
  • 文摘 Abstract
    文摘是对一份文献的内容做实质性的简略、准确的描述,无须补充解释和评论。它用少量的文字将文献浓缩加工,以揭示文献的主要观点、论据、数据等,是当代报导学术动态的简捷明快的方法。检索者可以从文摘中直接找到所需信息,如果不满足,再去查找原文。从这个意义上说,文摘是集书目、索引和一次文献三者于一体的特殊检索工具。索引文摘主要为期刊和会议录文章以及学位论文索引,提供综合性或某个特定的学科领域内相关学术研究文章题名、作者、出处和内容摘要等信息,一般按类别和主题编排,是查找与某一研究课题相关资料文献的最重要的工具。 索引文摘为定期累积出版。
  • 书评摘要 Book Review Digest

  • Geographical Sources (地理资料)


按其编制目的、作用和形式, 可划分 为 地名词典,地图与地图集,旅游指南,地理资料指南等。

  • 地名词典, 是提供查检地名的工具书,如《中华人民共和国地名词典》
  • 地图与地图集
  • 图谱,是用图象表现事物、文物或人物形象的工具书。如《中国历史参考图谱》、《中国纸币图鉴目录.四行通钞》和《中国美术全集》等。

  • Directory (名录)


  • 机构名录

Reference Highlights

Please refer below to click and see selected reference works on Chinese literature, history and philosophy.


A database is an electronic collection of subject-based or multidisciplinary data, accessible and searchable through the Internet or CD-ROM. It may also contain citations and abstract or full-text articles. This list shows a few core paid Chinese databases on Chinese Studies subscribed by the library. Relevant English databases are also included below.

Content at a Glance

CNKI 中国知网
Late Qing Periodical Full-text Database 晚清期刊全文数据库
WiseSearch 慧科讯业
Databases on Standalone PCs
Other Relevant Databases

CNKI 中国知网

CNKI is a major academic resource from mainland China. View its Database information page. Our subscription consists of:

  1. Academic articles on Literature / History / Philosophy (1994 – present), Politics / Military / Law (1994 – present), Education / Social Sciences (1994 – present) and Electronic Technology & Information Science (2003–2008)
  2. China Doctor / Master’s Dissertation on Literature / History / Philosophy (2003-2006) and Politics / Military / Law (2003-2006)

View and click on the links below for more information on CNKI.
List of CNKI’s Core Journals


This is another academic articles resource on: Philosophy / Politics / Law, Social Sciences, Economics / Finance and Health / Medicine with full-text available from 1997 onwards. View its Database information page.

Click on the links below for more information on WANFANG DATA.
List of WANFANG’s Core Journals

Late Qing Periodical Full-text Database 晚清期刊全文数据库

A full-text database covering 304 journals published during the late Qing dynasty, from 1833-1910. Users can search by title, author, journal title, date, etc, with 270, 000 entries full-text downloadable. View its Database Information Page.

《晚清期刊全文数据库(1833-1911》是研究晚清历史的重要数据库,属于《全国报刊索引》数据库的一部分,由上海图书馆提供。共收录了从1833年至1911年间中国出版的三百余种期刊,如《东西洋考每月统记传》(最早的中文期刊),《亚泉杂志》 (最早的中文自然杂志) ,《教育世界》 (最早的教育杂志) ,《工商学报》 (最早的商业杂志) ,《农学报》(最早的农学杂志), 梁启超的《新小说》, 李伯元的《绣像小说》,陈撷芬的《女学报》,丁初我的《女子世界》, 秋瑾的《中国女报》,孙中山为代表的《民报》, 康梁为代表的《新民丛报》等。读者用户可从标题、作者、刊名等途径对27万余篇的文章进行检索、浏览并下载全文。 How to use:

  1. When you are in the database home page, click the “IP登录” button to access.
  2. You can search by using the quick search box or click the magnifier icon to enter the “Search Centre” to do advanced search.
  3. When the results are listed, you can click the pdf file icon to browse or download the full text.
  4. As it only allows 5 concurrent users, please sign out after use so that others can access.


WiseSearch 慧科讯业

Wiser is a Chinese news provider from Hong Kong covering 742 main Chinese newspapers from Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and other Asia Pacific countries. View its Database information page.

Click on the link below for more information on Wiser.

Resources on Standalone PCs

The following list of databases are only available for viewing on Standalone PCs in the Chinese Library. Do approach the Service desk for more assistance.

  1. 复印报刊资料目录资料光盘.目录索引 1978 – 2008
  2. 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘.妇女研究 1980 – 2000
  3. 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘.中国近代史 1978 – 2000
  4. 复印报刊资料全文资料光盘.中国现代史 1978 – 2000

如何使用:这些数据库安装在中文图书馆的普通电脑上(common PCs)上。如果需要使用,你需亲自来中文馆,在任何一台普通电脑上登录后,只须打开电脑桌面上的相关链接即可。

Click here to access the full list of Chinese Studies databases.

Other Relevant Databases

  1. Arts & Humanities Citation Index (1980 to present)
  2. Bibliography of Asian Studies (1971 to present)
  3. JSTOR
  4. LexisNexis Academic
  5. – News and business information
  6. Academic Search Premier via EBSCOhost (1975 – present, full text)
The library has both printed and electronic journals. Locations of printed journal titles can be found in the Library Catalogue. Access to individual electronic journals in English can be found atSubscribed E-journals: A-to-Z List. To access to various electronic journals in Chinese, you can access through different databases from different regions.

Content at a Glance

Search English E-journals on Chinese Studies
Key English E-journals on History of China
Access to Chinese E-journals through Databases
Major Printed Chinese Journals on Chinese History
Free and Open Access Journals on Chinese History

Search for English E-journals on Chinese Studies

Step-by-step instructions to using the A-to-Z list:

  1. Select E-Journals from the Library Homepage
  2. Select Titles A to Z
  3. Type in the journal title if you know the exact journal title in the quick search box, or type in the key words if you are unsure.
  4. You can also search the journals by subject: Click on the “Subjects” tag and select “History (general) and history of Europe” from the drop-down-list.
  5. In the retrieved list, choose “History of Asia / China” to open a list of Journals on Chinese History.
  6. Each title is listed with journal title, databases where it is located, ISSN, publisher and subject. Click the database link to access to the journal.

Key English e-journals on History of China:

  1. China: An International Journal
  2. The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs (1979-1995, Nos. 1-33)
  3. China Journal (1995-2005, Nos. 34-54), continued by The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs
  4. China Information
  5. China Quarterly
  6. Chinese Studies in History: 1969-1975, 1986, 2001 to present
  7. China Report: Sage Journals Online 1965 to present
  8. Harvard China Review
  9. Journal of contemporary China
  10. Ancient China Timeline
  11. Project Muse – Premium Collection 1996 to present
  12. Modern China
  13. Chinese Studies in History
  14. American Asia Review
  15. Journal of Asian Studies 1956-2006

Access to Chinese E-journals through Databases

  1. 中国知网/中国期刊全文数据库 收录中国大陆地区出版学术期刊,本馆定购了文史哲、政治军事法律、教育与社科综合、经济管理类四大专题自1994年至今的数据,以及电子技术与信息科学类自 2003-2008年的数据。
  2. WANFANG DATA 万方数据 收录中国大陆地区出版学术期刊,基本包括了自1997年以来自然科学类统计源期刊和社会科学类核心源期刊的全文文献。
  3. Late Qing Periodical Full-text Database 晚清期刊全文数据库 共收录了从1833年至1910年间中国出版的三百余种期刊全文。
  4. 中国知网/中国重要会议论文全文数据库 收录中国大陆地区出版重要会议论文,本馆订购了4大专辑:文史哲、政治军事与法律、教育与社会科学综合、经济与管理, 时限从2006年到2010年。
  5. 臺灣期刊論文索引系統 主要收錄自1970年以來臺灣出版的中西文學術期刊、學報以及部分港澳地區出版的期刊約4800種,逾220萬筆資料。
  6. 臺灣博碩士論文系統 收录台湾硕博士论文。
  7. 香港中文期刊論文索引HKInChiP 香港出版的中文和雙語期刊論文索引,引用的期刊超過三百種。大部份期刊之索引資料從一九八零年開始,但重要之學術期刊則從創刊號開始。免费检索。
  8. 香港文学资料库 香港文学资料专库,由香港中文大学图书馆开发,涵盖香港報章文藝副刊文章 、 其他報章文章 (6,741篇) 、 學報及期刊文章 (304,256筆) 、 香港中文大學大學圖書館之館藏香港文學書刊 (18,125 筆) 、 學位論文 (377 筆) 等共约50万笔(2011年7月资料)。免费检索,部分全文可供公众获取。
  9. Hong Kong Journals Online A full-text image database providing access to selected academic and professional journals, both in English and Chinese, published in Hong Kong. It was developed by the University of Hong Kong Libraries.
  10. Hong Kong Macau Periodicals Network 港澳期刊网 建基於香港中文大學圖書館的HKInChiP。主要收錄在香港及澳門出版的中文及雙語期刊,內容方面以人文科學及社會科學為主。免费检索,部分全文可供公众获取。
  11. 澳門中文期刊論文索引 由澳门大学图书馆开发,主要收錄在澳出版的中文期刊,內容涉及澳門的社會、政治、經濟及法律等論文,引用的期刊接近四十種;最早的期刊追溯到二十世紀八十年代中期。

Major Printed Chinese Journals on Chinese History

  1. 清史研究 中国人民大学书报 资料中心复印报刊资料2002- Call No. DS753.82.Q1
  2. 明清史 中国人民大学书报 资料中心复印报刊资料2002- Call No. DS753.M664
  3. 近代史研究 中国社会科学出版社, 1979- Call No. DS755.J61DS
  4. 中国史研究 中国社会科学院 历史研究所. 《中国史研究》编辑部,1979- Call No. DS701.Z63J
  5. 中国近代史 中国人民大学书报资料中心, 1978- Call No. DS753.82.Z63J
  6. 中国现代史 中国人民大学书报资料中心, 1978- Call No. DS753.82.Z63
  7. 中央硏究院近代史硏究所集刊 (台湾)中央硏究院近代史硏究所, 1969- Call No. DS755.Z63JS
  8. 文史杂志 文史杂志编辑部 Call No. PL2250.W467
  9. 史学史硏究 北京师范大学 史学硏究所. 北京师范大学出版社 Call No. DS734.7.S555X

Free and Open Access Journals on Chinese History

  1. Journal of Asian Studies
  2. 《历史研究》
  3. 历史语言研究所集刊 (台) 中央研究院 歷史語言研究所,1928-. Call No. AS455.L693
  4. 新史学 (台) 正文出版社,1969-. Call No. D16.R662S
  5. 汉学研究 (台) 中国和平出版社,1996-. Call No. DS734.95.H233

The Audio visual collection consists of video cassettes, audio cassettes, LDs, VCDs, DVDs, audio CDs, music CDs, tapes, slides as well as maps and films.

Select list of AV on Chinese History

Click on the titles to check availability in the Library.

Historical Periods

  1. 华夏五千年. 上部 [videorecording]
    中国国际电视总公司: 2007
    Call No. DS735.A2H874 VOL.1
  2. 华夏五千年. 下部 [videorecording]
    Call No. DS735.A2H874 VOL.2
  3. 中國十大王朝 [videorecording]
    齊魯電子音像出版社: 2006
    Call No. DS735.Z63TD
  4. From Yao to Mao: 5000 years of Chinese history [videorecording]
    Teaching Company: 2004
    Call No. DS734.95.H226
  5. China: a century of revolution [videorecording]
    WinStar TV & Video : 2001, 1997
    Call No. DS774.7.C539
  6. 百年中囯 [videorecording]
    中囯囯际电视总公司: 2000
    Call No. DS774.7.B152

Historical Figures

  1. 周武王 [videorecording]
    半岛音像出版社: 2006
    Call No. DS747.Z63
  2. 秦始皇 [videorecording]
    辽宁文化艺术音像出版社: 2002
    Call No. DS747.9.C47Q1S
  3. 汉武帝 [videorecording]
    半岛音像出版社: 2006
    Call No. DS748.16.H36H233W
  4. 唐太宗 [videorecording]
    半岛音像出版社: 2006
    Call No. DS749.42.T35T164
  5. 武则天 [videorecording]
    半岛音像出版社: 2006
  6. 成吉思汗 [videorecording]
    半岛音像出版社: 2006
    Call No. DS22.C518
  7. 永乐皇帝 [videorecording]
    半岛音像出版社: 2006
    Call No. DS753.6.M43Y59
  8. 康熙皇帝 [videorecording]
    Call No. DS754.6.K16E
  9. 正说清朝二十四臣: 鳌拜 [videorecording]
    中国国际电视总公司: 2007
    Call No. DS754.64.A633Z63

Searching for audio-visual materials on Chinese History

All audio-visual (AV) titles can be searched in the Library Catalogue.

    1. Go to the Advanced Search in the Library Catalogue
    2. Type in “China history” and choose “subject” from the drop-down-list
    3. Set the format to “Audio-Visuals” from the format drop-down-list (see diagram below)


  1. Click on the “Search” button and the result list will be displayed
  2. Take note of the library location and call number to retrieve the AV from the respective library
  3. To narrow down your search, you may also limit the type to “DVD” or “VCD” from the drop-down-list (see image below).CHNSTU_search2
Web Resources

I have compiled a few links below which can aid you in your understanding in Chinese studies.

This page contains a few of selected web resources which can aid your understanding on Chinese Studies. The list is separated into three categories, namely Chinese history, Chinese Literature and Chinese Philosophy.

Chinese Literature 中国文学

  1. 国学网
  2. 中华经典文学网
  3. 中国青少年新世纪读书网 – 图书馆
  4. 天涯在线书库-古典文学
  5. 中国文学网
  6. 中国文学网
    大型综合性文学类网站,分原创文学、古典文学、现代文学、影音文学、网络文学、理论研究、电子书库等栏目,其专题栏目有解老子《道德经》 、中国现代诗歌流派、徐志摩诗选、戴望舒诗选等专题。
  7. 当代中国文学网
  8. 中国作家网
  9. 作家网
  10. 走近作家_白鹿书院

Chinese History 中国历史

  1. 华夏历史网
  2. 铜雀中国历史网:中国历史类网站
  3. 網上中華五千年
  4. 中国历史人物
  5. Exploring Chinese History
  6. Internet Resources on the History of China

Chinese Philosophy 中国哲学

  1. Chinese Philosophy
    This site offers a full index to Chinese Philosophy and Culture. It also contains bibliography for some academic courses and seminars given by professors.
  2. Essential Readings on Chinese Philosophy
  3. Chinese Philosophy
  4. 哲学网
    分哲学与思想、 哲学命题、学科方向、学术资源、哲理故事等栏目,是一个以哲学学术为核心内容的公益学术网站。
  5. 哲学在线 Philosophy on line

Reserves, also known as Reserved Book Room (RBR) books or Red-spot books, contain recommended texts, references and articles for various courses. All Chinese reserves are kept in the Chinese Library Reserves. Some English reserves are kept at the HSS Library. Reserves can only be borrowed for two hours (one item only). Do return on time as overdue fine is set at $0.50 per hour or part thereof. View the borrowing privileges website for more details of your loans and privileges.

Cheat Tip:
Reserves may be borrowed overnight at 7pm on weekdays, and at 10am on Saturdays. These overnight loan items must be returned by 11am on the next working day.

How to locate Reserves (through Course Codes)?


    1. Go to the Library Catalogue and select Reserves tab
    2. Type in your course code (example: HC210)
    3. Click on “Search by Course ID” and the lecturer’s name will be shown
    4. Click the lecturer’s name and the list of recommended titles for the course will be displayed
    5. Take note of the library location and its call number
    6. Retrieve the book from the Reserves collection in the respective library
Student Works

The Digital Repository, DR-NTU (Restricted Access) contains Students’ works such as Final Year Project (FYP), theses, internship and attachment reports. Log in using your NTU network user name and password to view the full text.

View the Collection Page of Chinese Studies theses. You can choose to key in your search terms and click “Go” or browse the selection by “author”, “title”, “subject” and “date”.

CHNSTU_hss student report

Alternatively, you can browse through theses related to Chinese studies.

Theses/Dissertations from Other Institutions

  1. 中国知网/中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库
  2. 中国知网/中国博士学位论文全文数据库
  3. 臺灣博碩士論文系統
  4. Dissertations and Theses Collections (DTC)
  5. 新加坡国立大学学位论文 NUS Theses
  6. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
  7. Australasian Digital Theses Program
  8. Theses Canada Portal提供加拿大全国图书馆内博硕士论文讯息.
  9. Index to Theses with Abstracts accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland
  10. ETD Digital Library
    Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations from the world.
Staff Publications

The Digital Repository, DR-NTU (Open Access) contains publications of NTU, including journal articles and conference papers. The papers deposited are indexed by Google and can be searched by Google.

HSS Staff Papers

We encourage research officers to upload their research papers to the DR-NTU (Open Access). Browse through the current submissions in the DR-NTU (Open Access) on Chinese Studies.

Do refer to the copyright policies and archiving guidelines from Sherpa Romeo regarding the submission of articles in the DR-NTU (Open Access).

If you would like to submit your journal article or conference paper for inclusion in our Library Collection, please read the instruction on submission or contact me.

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