Linguistic & Multilingual Studies
Linguistics is the scientific study of language and its structure, including the study of grammar, syntax, and phonetics. Specific branches of linguistics include sociolinguistics, dialectology, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, comparative linguistics, and structural linguistics. At the beginning of the 20th century the Swiss structuralist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913) drew a number of important distinctions, e.g. between the diachronic (historical) and synchronic study of language, between signifier and signified, and between syntagmatic structures (words in context) and paradigmatic classes (words in sets like the parts of speech). American structural linguists such as Leonard Bloomfield (1887–1949) insisted on the objective analysis of observed data. A turning point was the publication in 1957 of Syntactic Structures by Noam Chomsky (b.1928), which led to the development of generative and transformational grammar, the objective of which is the statement of a set of rules capable of generating all and only the grammatical sentences of a language. Sources:
- The Oxford Dictionary of English (revised edition). Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Nanyang Technological University. 19 February 2010
- The Australian Oxford Dictionary, 2nd edition. Ed. Bruce Moore. Oxford University Press, 2004. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Nanyang Technological University. 19 February 2010
View the details about the Linguistics and Multilingual Studies programme at NTU.
Here are some recommended resources for language documentation, which has to do with the methods and tools (data collection methodologies) that are used to collect and record a natural language, especially those that are endangered. ...read more
This guide was created to support Unit 6: Annotated bibliography: Gathering information and Using NTU databases under course HW0221 – Essay Writing : Crafting an Argument.read more
This guide was created to support Unit 2 Gathering Information session for HW0201 / HW0204 – Research Writing for Social Sciences.read more
This is a selected list of resources on discourse analysis and it can serve as a starting point for students interested to find out more about Linguistics. Content at a Glance Books Journals Articles Internet Resources Books Discourse as data: a guide for analysis...read more
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The Library has many books on the study of Linguistics and Multilingual Studies. Below is a quick guide on how to BROWSE and SEARCH for titles on core topics.
Browsing the collection
The main book collection for Linguistics is at the Humanities & Social Sciences Library (HSS Library). See below for a list of core subject areas and its corresponding call numbers.
|Core subject area||Call Numbers|
|Sign Language Acquisition||HV2474|
|Language Planning and Policy||P40.5|
|Bilingualism and Multilingualism||P115|
|Second Language Acquisition||P118.2|
|Language and Gender||P120|
|Phonetics and Phonology||P217 – P238|
|Syntax||P291 – P295|
Searching for books
Besides browsing, you can search for specific books using the NTU Library Catalogue.
- Type in a portion of the title of the book in the Title field. Example: “critical discourse analysis”
- Scroll down until you see the title that you need.
- Record down the call number and location.
Selected book lists
Below are book lists based on core subject terms. Click on them for a quick scan of the collection at HSS Library.
Catalogues from other local libraries
NTU staff and students may also borrow materials from the NIE Library. Access the NIE Library catalogue.
E-books are books in digital form that may be read either on a PC or an ebook reader.
Searching for e-books
You can search for e-books in the Library Catalogue
- Click on Advanced Search
- Type in “e-book” in a search box and choose the word field label
- Type in the search term/s in any of the search boxes with the appropriate field label (i.e. author, title, subject and etc)
For details, see instructions at the E-books page. An example of how an e-book can look like is presented below. Handbook of Pragmatics Click on Auto-login button on grey task bar on top of the page after “launching”. This title is a useful resource for language use research and it provides easy access to the different topics, traditions and methods which together make up the field of Pragmatics — the cognitive, social and cultural study of language and communication. It expands and is revised online annually.
Browsing the Collection
You can also browse e-book collections via e-book providers like NetLibrary if you do not have a specific title or topic in mind. NetLibrary is a multi-disciplinary ebook library that allows you to read the complete book online, print a number of pages, and make annotations.
Other E-book Collections
Oxford Reference Online (ORO) offers a quick reference information together with in-depth articles by world-famous authors. It has a wide range of additional materials such as maps, illustrations and timelines and has useful titles for linguistics students such as the following. View its Database information page.
References “ebook” A Dictionary of the Internet. Darrel Ince. Oxford University Press, 2009. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Nanyang Technological University. 5 October 2010
Reference materials can be used for checking facts or definitions and for gathering background materials.
Content at a Glance
Oxford Reference Online
This online resource has a wide range of English language dictionaries and references for linguistic research. View its Database information page.
Below are selected titles that can be found in Oxford Reference Online. Click on the titles to launch them.
- The concise Oxford dictionary of linguistics
The dictionary covers every aspect of this multidisciplinary field, including sociolinguistics, language theory and history, language families, and major languages from all over the world (including major national/regional dialects), phonetics, formal semantics, and key figures and ideas in linguistics.It also has coverage of sociolinguistics, such as an expanded coverage of regional dialects, such as Estuary English. It also has a directory of symbols for quick and easy reference.
- The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology
Based on The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, the principal authority on the origin and development of English words, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Etymology contains a wealth of information about the English language and its history. Find out where the words ‘bungalow’ and ‘assassin’ came from, what ‘nice’ meant in the Middle Ages and much more.
- The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar
This comprehensive dictionary offers access to 1,000 grammatical terms and their respective meanings. All the currently accepted terms of grammar are included, as well as older, traditional names, controversial new coinages, and items from the study of other languages. Concise definitions of the wider subject of linguistics, including phonetics and transformational grammar, are accompanied by examples of language in use, and frequent quotations from existing works on grammar.
- The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang
Drawing on the unique resources of the Oxford English Dictionary and offering coverage of over 6,000 slang words and expressions from the Cockney ‘abaht’ to the American term ‘zowie’, this is the most authoritative dictionary of slang from the 20th and 21st centuries. The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang is a fascinating and entertaining collection, packed with illustrative quotations and providing full details of origins and dates of first printed use.
- International Encyclopedia of Linguistics
The Encyclopedia encompasses the full range of topics in linguistics, including such areas as historical, comparative, formal, mathematical, functional, philosophical, and sociolinguistics. Special attention is given to interrelations within these branches of the field and to relations of linguistics with other disciplines. This interdisciplinary focus makes the encyclopedia an invaluable resource not only for linguistics but also for scholars working in the fields of computer science, mathematics, philosophy, the social and behavioral sciences, and literary studies.
- Encyclopedia of Semiotics
The Encyclopedia of Semiotics is a comprehensive reference guide to concepts in semiotics, sign theory, and cultural studies. The fields range from anthropology and literary theory to linguistics and philosophy. It is about the study of signs and symbols in human culture. These articles cover key concepts, theories, theorists, schools of thought, and issues in communications, cognition, and cultural theory. This is a handy guide for researchers interested in language, symbols, and the transmission of information.
Dictionaries & Encyclopedia
- Crystal, D. (1997). The Cambridge encyclopedia of language (2nd ed.). Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Call No.: P29.C957 1997
- Crystal, D. (2003). The Cambridge encyclopedia of the English language (2nd ed.). Cambridge, U.K ; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Call No.: PE1072.C957
- Crystal, D. (2008). A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics (6th ed.). Malden, MA; Oxford: Blackwell Pub.
Call No.: P29.C957 2008
- DeMiller, A. L. (2000). Linguistics: a guide to the reference literature (2nd ed.). Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited.
Call No.: Z7001.D381
- Finch, G. (2003). How to study linguistics: a guide to understanding language (2nd ed.). Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Call No.: P51.F492
- Garry, J., & Rubino, C. R. G. (2001). Facts about the world’s languages: an encyclopedia of the world’s major languages, past and present. New York: H.W. Wilson.
Call No.: P371.F142
- Katzner, K. (2002). The languages of the world (3rd ed.). London; New York: Routledge.
Call No.: P371.K19
- Lin, H. (2001). A grammar of Mandarin Chinese. Muenchen: Lincom Europa.
Call No.: PL1111.L735
- Macaulay, R. K. S., & Fought, C. (2004). Sociolinguistic variation. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
Call No.: P120.V37S678 2004
- Matthews, P. H. (2007). The concise Oxford dictionary of linguistics (2nd ed.). Oxford [England]; New York: Oxford University Press.
Call No.: P29.M441
- Mesthrie, R., & Asher, R. E. (2001). Concise encyclopedia of sociolinguistics. Amsterdam; New York: Elsevier.
Call No.: P40.C744
- Pearce, M. (2007). The Routledge dictionary of English language studies. London; New York: Routledge.
Call No.: PE1075.P359
- Trask, R. L. (1992). A dictionary of grammatical terms in linguistics. London ; New York: Routledge.
Call No.: P152.T775
- Trask, R. L. (2000). The dictionary of historical and comparative linguistics. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn.
Call No.: P143.T775
- Wells, J. C. (2000). Longman pronunciation dictionary (New ed.). Harlow [England]: Pearson Education Ltd.
Call No.: PE1128.W454 2000
- Wray, A., & Bloomer, A. (2006). Projects in linguistics: a practical guide to researching language (2nd ed.). LondonNew York: Hodder Arnold;Distributed in the United States of America by Oxford University Press.
Call No.: P126.W943 2006
- Aceto, M., & Williams, J. P. (2003). Contact Englishes of the Eastern Caribbean. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: J. Benjamins.
Call No.: PE3302.C759
- Aronoff, M., & Rees-Miller, J. (2003). The handbook of linguistics. Oxford; Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Call No.: P121.H236
- Brown, E. K., & Anderson, A. (2006). Encyclopedia of language & linguistics (2nd ed.). Boston: Elsevier.
Call No.: P29.E56 V1
- Campbell, G. L. (2000). Compendium of the world’s languages (2nd ed.). London; New York: Routledge.
Call No.: P371.C187
- Comrie, B. (2009). The World’s major languages (2nd ed.). London; New York: Routledge.
Call No.: P371.W927
- Comrie, B., Matthews, S., & Polinsky, M. (2003). The atlas of languages: the origin and development of languages throughout the world (Rev. ed.). New York: Facts On File
Call No.: P107.A881
- Upton, C., & Widdowson, J. D. A. (2006). An atlas of English dialects (2nd ed.). London ; New York: Routledge.
Call No.: PE1705.U71
- Moseley, C., Asher, R. E., & Darkes, G. (Cartographer). (2007). Atlas of the world’s languages [1 atlas (xv, 400 p ) :].
Call No.: G1046.E3A881
A database is an organised collection of information that can be accessed and searched through the Internet or a CD-ROM. The following is a list of databases in the area of Linguistics:
- Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA)
CSA Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA) contain abstracts of articles covering all aspects of the study of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. Complete coverage is also given to descriptive, historical, comparative, theoretical and geographical linguistics. View its Database information page.
Download the user guide from CSA.
- MLA International Bibliography
MLA International Bibliography is compiled by the Modern Language Association. It is an index to scholarly books and articles in literature, modern languages, linguistics and folklore from a few thousand journals and series published all over the world. It also covers monographs, proceedings, bibliographies and electronic materials. View its Database information page.
- Arts & Humanities Citation Index
Arts & Humanities Citation Index is a multidisciplinary index covering the journal literature of the arts and the humanities, including linguistics. The index provides access to bibliographic information and cited references. It is also searchable by keyword, author and citation. View itsDatabase information page.
- Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)
This database covers 1,700 of the world’s most significant social sciences journals spanning 60 disciplines, as well as selectively covering items from over 5,600 science journals related to the social sciences. (Click Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)–1956-present from citation databases list.) View its Database information page.
This database provides backfiles of core scholarly journals in many disciplines, including language and literature. There is usually a gap of 2 to 5 years between the most recently published issue of any journal and the date of the most recent issue available in JSTOR. This gap is called ‘moving wall’ in JSTOR. (Click Browse > By discipline > Select Linguistics from drop-down list.) View its Database information page.
This database offers more than 80 multi-disciplinary databases covering subjects such as sociology, psychology, linguistics, education as well as many humanities and social sciences topics. View its Database information page.
Refer to user guide for EBSCOHost.
- PsycARTICLES via EBSCOHost
PsycARTICLES provides full-text, peer-reviewed scholarly and scientific articles in psychology. It contains more than 40,000 articles from 56 journals –45 published by the American Psychological Association (APA) and 11 from allied organizations. View itsDatabase information page.
Refer to user guide for PsycARTICLES.
- PsycCRITIQUES via EBSCOhost
PsycCRITIQUEST is a database of book reviews in psychology launched in September 2004. The database will replace the print journal Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books. In each weekly release, PsycCRITIQUES will deliver approximately 20 reviews of psychological books, most from the current copyright year. View its Database information page.
- Dissertations and Theses via Proquest
Dissertations & Theses database provides information about doctoral dissertations and master’s theses. Dissertations published from 1980 forward include 350-word abstracts written by the author. Master’s theses published from 1988 forward include 150-word abstracts. View its Database information page.
Download the user guide for Dissertations and Theses via Proquest.
- Oxford Handbooks Online
Oxford Handbooks Online provides many titles in Linguistics as well as subjects such as Philosophy, Political Science and others. Click here to access the tour and usage guide.
- British National Corpus (BYU-BNC)
This corpus contains samples of written and spoken language that is meant to represent a wide cross-section of current British English, both spoken and written, and it is created by Brigham Young University. It allows you to search the 100 million word BNC which originated from Oxford University.
Journals are an important part of the scholarly communication process. Scholarly journals play an essential role in furthering the communication of research and practical knowledge.
There are a few ways to access journal articles:
If you have a specific journal in mind, always try to find the electronic copy in the NTU Library Subscribed E-journals A-to-Z list first. There are 4 tabs for searching/browsing the A-to-Z list:
- Browse the index of e-journal providers (example: JSTOR Language & Literature Collection)
- Browse by title of journal
- Browse by subjects (example: Language and literature)
- Search for titles either by Title Name, Publisher Name, ISSN, Subjects or all of the above
The search result will present the databases that the journal can be found in and the period covered. For example, Social Semiotics is available in two databases subscribed by the Library. Click on any one of the links to access the journal. If there is an embargo of 1 year for a particular database, access to issues in the last 12 months will not be available. If you need articles from these issues urgently, you can request for document delivery.
If you do not have a specific journal in mind and would like to search on a specific subject or topic, use the databases instead. View the list of recommended databases for Linguistics.
3. Print Journals
Occasionally, a journal may be available in both print and electronic versions, or it may only be available in either the print version or electronic version. Current and back issues of print journals are located at HSS Library. You can search for print journal titles in the Library Catalogue.
4. Journal list
I have selected some journals on major topics in linguistics available in our Library. View the Journal List.
5. Can’t find an article in NTU Library?
Make a request for it via our document delivery service.
Across Different Specialties
Morphology, Syntax, Semantics & Typology
Phonetics and Phonology
Language Acquisition, Bilingualism, Applied Linguistics
Across Different Specialties
- Journal of East Asian Linguistics
- Journal of Chinese Linguistics Print: PL1001.J86c @CHNL (2008 to present)
Morphology, Syntax, Semantics & Typology
Phonetics and Phonology
- English world-wide
- International Journal of the Sociology of Language
- Journal of Sociolinguistics
- Language Policy
- Anthropological Linguistics
- Brain and Language
- SBrain Research
- Language and Cognitive processes
- Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
- Journal of Memory and Language
- Journal of Neurolinguistics
- Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
- Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Language Acquisition, Bilingualism, Applied Linguistics
- Applied Linguistics
- Applied Psycholinguistics
- Bilingual Research
- Child Development
- First language
- International Journal of Bilingualism
- International Journal of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education
- Journal of Child language
- Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development
- Language and Education
- Language Learning
- Studies in second language acquisition
The Audio-Visual collection for linguistics and foreign languages are located in the Business Library. Please search the Library Catalogue to determine the location.
Here is a step-by-step instruction guide to search for AV titles in the catalogue.
Some of the AV titles relating to linguistics are shown below.
Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities & Sciences, .
Call no.: P116.S741 EPS.3 and P116.S741 EPS.5
Location: Business Library
Currently there are more than 6,000 languages spoken around the world. This five-part series traces the history and evolution of language, attendant theories and controversies while evaluating the scope of linguistic diversity, the dissemination of language, the expansion of language into written form, and the lifecycle of language.
This preview video produced by Syncopated Productions features commentaries from linguists from University of California Berkeley and Harvard University amongst others. It surveys the world’s languages giving insights about the historical background and the characteristics that they share.
This preview video produced by Syncopated Productions gives viewers a peek into the world of endangered languages, language preservation and the role of globalization in language obsolescence. Noam Chomsky, Peter Ladefoged and other renowned linguists also provide insights about the language life cycle.
BBC Education & Training ; a presentation of Films for the Humanities & Sciences.
Princeton, N.J. : Films for the Humanities & Sciences : distributed under license from BBC Worldwide Americas, Inc., 1997.
Call no.: G509320 (Video tape)
Location: Business Library, Level B2 (request at Service Desk)
A very early and also very interesting interview with Noam Chomsky regarding his Linguistic work published at the time. It was originally produced by the BBC in 1977 for television broadcast. In this programme, Chomsky challenges the way in which language is learned and discusses the relationship between language and experience.
Linguistics and Multilingual Studies AV List
View the list below to locate other Linguistics audiovisual titles recommended by your lecturers. More information can be also found on the HSS Library Blog.
Here are some selected web resources on Linguistics and Multilingual Studies.
Content at a Glance
Megasites and directories
- Intute: Linguistics Intute offers a quick and convenient way to discover notable online resources for linguistics, ranging from corpus linguistics, Chinese linguistics, forensic linguistics, discourse analysis, lexicology, phonetics and much more.
- BUBL BUBL, which is maintained by Strathclyde University, provides links to resources across various subjects, including language and linguistics resources.
- Literary connections: Language Resources This is a mega-site with links to topics on corpus linguistics, dictionaries, grammar and more.
- Linguistic Resources on the Internet This is a compilation of linguistics resources by SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics).
- Stanford University’s guide to the best linguistics resources on the web This site is compiled by Associate Professor Christopher Manning from the Natural Language Processing Group, Stanford University.
- University of Texas at Austin’s linguistics resources This site is compiled by the Linguistics department at University of Texas at Austin.
Associations and Societies
- AILA Research Network for Computer-Assisted Language Learning and the Learner This is a special interest group dedicated to investigating the theory and practice of learning with technology as it relates to the individual and the social context in which learning takes place.
- Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing The Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing association’s mission is to promote information dissemination and research co-operation among researchers in the region and co-ordinate initiatives of the region with those of the other regions in Natural Language Processing and the related fields.
- Cantonese Language Association The purpose of the association is to facilitate communication amongst teachers and scholars of Cantonese and to promote study and research in the fields of Cantonese language pedagogy, linguistics and culture, and to further the common interests of teachers and scholars of both Standard Cantonese and other Yue dialects.
- Linguistic Society of Hong Kong The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) is a non-profitable academic organization composed of linguists, language teachers and students who share an interest in promoting linguistics and language-related academic activities in Hong Kong.
- International Linguistic Association The ILA (originally the Linguistic Circle of New York) is an association of those interested in the study of language. It is the publisher of WORD-a quarterly journal devoted to all aspects of linguistics.
- International Phonetic Association The IPA is the major as well as the oldest representative organisation for phoneticians. It was established in 1886 in Paris. The aim of the IPA is to promote the scientific study of phonetics and the various practical applications of that science.
- JALT Bilingualism Special Interest Group This site is useful for linguists who are studying the language environment of bilingual children in Japanese contexts. It includes access to a wide variety of resources on bilingualism including monographs, newsletter and a listserv group. The site is also home to the Japan Journal of Multilingualism and Multiculturalism.
- Singapore Association for Applied Linguistics Singapore’s only society for applied linguists in fields such as language research, language planning, bilingualism, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, computational linguistics, translation and language education.
- Society for Endangered Languages This society is founded by German linguists in 1997, together with the members of the work group “Endangered Languages” of the German Society for Linguistics. The goal of this non-profit organization is to further the use, preservation, and documentation of endangered languages and dialects.
- TESOL Academic.Org This site will be of interest to all those involved in language pedagogy. It seeks to link theory and practice in TESOL-based research by providing free-at-source video clips of leaders in the field and other researchers talking about their work, or an aspect of it.
Linguist list This site provides a virtual place where linguists can discuss linguistic issues and exchange linguistic information. It also includes dissertation abstracts, an audio and video index and a project site. Blogs Macmillan Dictionary Blog This blog by Macmillan, contains posts about the English language, the way it is changing, and the way it is used around the world.
The Reserves collection consists of textbooks, reference texts and articles, which are core reading materials related to the coursework of students. Please refer to your course outline for the complete list. Titles in the Reserves for Linguistics and Multilingual Studies are located in the HSS Library.
Borrowing Course Reserves Materials and Fines
Course reserves materials may be borrowed for 2 hours at a time. Only one reserves item can be borrowed at any one time.
Overnight Loan Service
You can choose to borrow course reserves materials overnight. On weekdays, the overnight loan service starts two hours before the counter closing time (Semester: 7pm; Vacation: 4.30pm). For Saturdays, the overnight loan service starts at 10 am. These reserves items, which are borrowed overnight, must be returned to the Library by 11am the next working day.
Finding titles in the Reserves
See how to locate Reserves titles.
Access HSS Final Year Project Reports from our Digital Repository (DR-NTU Restricted Access). To view the full text, do log in using your NTU network user name and password.
View the Collection Page of the HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI). Enter your search terms and click ‘Go’. Or browse by ‘author’, ‘title’, ‘subject’ and ‘date’.
See diagram below.
Publications by NTU staff such as journal articles and conference papers are archived and stored in our Digital Repository (DR-NTU Open Acess).
The Library encourages research staff to deposit their journal articles or conference papers with us especially if the publishers and conference organizers allows self-archiving.
Linguistics Staff Papers
Search by ‘author’ by typing in the author’s last name followed by the first name.