Evidence-Based Medicine Approach

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision-making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well-designed and -conducted research. Continue reading…

Here are some recent research conducted on EBM from the top 10 medical schools in the world as of 2016. You can access a combination of Facebook and website links below.

Before you attempt a search, always remember the EBM approach summarised in a 5 step process:

  1. ask answerable clinical questions 
  2. search for the best research evidence
  3. critical appraisal of the evidence for validity and relevance
  4. decide how to apply the evidence to groups/individuals
  5. evaluate the practice

See Fig 2 for more information


Fig 2: EBM 5 step approach. (Adapted from: Straus, SE 2011, Evidence-Based Medicine : How To Practice And Teach It, n.p.: Edinburgh : Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone, 2011)
Here are some useful references from the Web for EBM:
Our medical library has subscribed to 26 EMB related journals. Here are some commonly used ones for Medicine:
Recommended Reading Materials:
  • Bad Pharma: How Medicine is Broken, and How We Can Fix It by Ben Goldacre
  • Medical Statistics at a Glance Paperback – by Aviva Petrie, Caroline Sabin
  • How to Read a Paper: The Basics of Evidence-Based Medicine by Trisha Greenhalgh
  • Clinical Epidemiology: How to Do Clinical Practice Research by R.Brian Haynes , David L. Sackett , Gordon H. Guyatt
Recommended user guides for Medical Literature:



Databases to familarise yourself with:
  • National Library for Health (NLH) Specialist Libraries (including PUBMED)
  • TRIP (Turning Research Into Practice) database
  • Cochrane Library
  • Cochrane Clinical Answers
  • Medline-Ovid (EBM Reviews – Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBM Reviews – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EBM Reviews – Cochrane Methodology Register,  EBM Reviews – Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBM Reviews – Cochrane Methodology Register)

Go to the 5 step EMB process to learn more about medical literature reviews.

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