In 1993, the Government of Indonesia, through the National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS), produced the Biodiversity Action Plan for Indonesia (BAPI) as part of its effort to conserve the biodiversity. BAPI aimed to reduce the rate degradation in primary forest, wetlands, coral reefs, other terrestrial and marine habitats, to allow the data and information on the richness of national biodiversity available for all and to encourage a more sustainable and environmentally friendly use of natural resources.
The BAPI carried out situ conservation measures, both inside and outside protected areas, as well as ex situ conservation. The main conservation activities of BAPI were as follows:
1. In-situ conservation in national parks and terrestrial areas.
2. In-situ conservation outside protected areas, including forest, wetland and cultivated areas
3. Conservation of coastal and marine re- sources
4. Ex-situ conservation through gene and seed banks, protection of plant varieties and breeding programmes