Citations and attributions are both means of giving credit to the creator of a work. However citations are generally a scholarly practice on referencing your sources of information, while attributions are typically a statutory or contractual requirement – for example, under the terms of a copyright licence such as a Creative Commons licence. Of course the author may also elect to waive his right to be attributed if he so decides.
It is also a moral right for the author of a work to not be falsely attributed as to the authorship of that work. Do note that attribution alone is not a valid defence to copyright infringement.
A typical attribution has 5 key elements: Title, author, source, licence, notes.
Take the example of a suggested Creative Commons attribution:
Calculus – The foundation of modern science by Eugene Khutoryansky licenced under CC BY on YouTube.
- Title: Calculus – The foundation of modern science.
Link back to the original work.
- Author: by Eugene Khutoryansky
Link back to the author’s website if possible.
- Licence: licenced under CC BY
Link back to the appropriate CC licence.
- Source: on YouTube
Optional, link back if the source is different from the title’s link.