The textile industry involves many stages in the production of textile. The table below from the Indian Textile Journal shows a summary of the emissions from various textile processes.
Improper management at any stage will result in pollution such as those listed below, according to Fibre2Fashion.
- Textile facilities generate nitrogen and sulfur oxides through boilers
- Hydrocarbons are emitted from drying ovens
- Bleaching releases chlorine and chlorine dioxide into the atmosphere
A more detailed list of process and air pollution is stated in the table below
- High volumes of water used in textile processes, up to 200 litres of water is used of 1 kilogram of textile
- 20% of global freshwater pollution is made by textile production
- Wastewater is not treated after production, resulting in toxic chemicals to be disposed in water bodies. This chemicals include PBDEs, phtalates, organochlorides and lead, which can cause severe health issues
- According to Textile Exchange, 5% of all landfill space is taken up by textile waste
- Land used for textile plantations tend to be useless and barren in the long run due to pesticides and fertilizers
A more detailed list of solid pollution can be seen in the table below